Buffering is a means by which an organization attempts to ensure that it has safe level of stocks in addition to its base stock. If such a calamity occurs in a large area, it may lead to starvation. Despite the achievement of national food self-sufficiency, new challenges have emerged: Slowing agriculture growth, climate change, land degradation and shrinking bio-diversity. The last changes in the Buffer norms were done in July 2013. It is said that price can be stabilized through trade rather than stocks and the former is found to be much cheaper than latter.
The Rome Declaration on World Food Security was organized by the Food and Agricultural Organisation. They have three important societal goals. For rice the price range is from Rs 10 in Gujarat and Maharashtra for a kg to Rs 9 in Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal. Name any one factor responsible for chronic hunger. Chronic Hunger : When diet is inadequate in terms of quantity or quality, it is called chronic hunger. Massive formation might take the form of a famine like the famine Famine of Bengal in 1943. For building of buffer stock, it is necessary that government itself procure the food grains.
What steps have been taken by the Government of India to provide food security to the poor? Decades of building a food security system can be wiped out by such neoliberal ideologies that undermine the principal of self-reliance. The storage of massive food stocks has been responsible for high carrying costs, in addition to wastage and deterioration in grain quality. In the context of food, for instance, this could imply a more diverse diet or better quality grain. The recent procurement trend shows a heavy rise in the wheat and rice procurement and this need to be kept in check to ensure a better food security. To ensure easy access to food at household level, government monopolizes grain management and subsidized food gains.
As a result food storage, the price of food grains goes up. A famine is characterised by widespread deaths due to starvation and epidemics caused by forced use of contaminated water, of decaying food and loss of body resistance due to weakening from starvation. They are also built and maintained through imports as and when required. These issues have posed severe challenges for food security in India. Food security is a complex sustainable development issue, linked to health through malnutrition, but also to sustainable economic development, environment, and trade. The source is Agricultural Statistics at a Glance, 2013. The current policy is that Food Ministry is authorized to dispose the surplus stock into open market without seeking cabinet approval.
The need for subsidized food grains for a wider section of people is also reflected in increased off take. Due to natural calamity, say drought, total production of foodgrain decreases. The move to cut back on this component will also cut down on the real wages of the worker. The optimum size of the buffer stocks at any point of time is based on the proposals of expert committees appointed for the purpose by the government from time to time. This left millions of weavers poor. And here comes the food security bill being discussed widely these days. Two Reasons for Excessive Buffer Stock : i There has been increase in minimum support price.
It is a price at which foodgrains are distributed in the deficit areas and among the poorer strata of society at a price lower than the market price. This was the standard price regardless of the fact that the businesses might be able to increase its output to cope with an increasing demand Jonathan Sutherland, 2015. But if the target price is considerably above the correct average price then the organization will buy more produce than it is selling and it will ultimately run out of money. After Independence, Indian policy makers adopted all measures to achieve self-sufficiency in foodgrains. How food security is affected during disaster? With nearly one-fifth of total population and 43. In the coming years, with rapid structural change in cropping patterns influenced by changing demand patterns, food availability through domestic production would ideally have to come from productivity improvements in agriculture. Is Food Security Law necessary for India? Further, there is increasing convergence in views today that food imports, even if feasible, are not a viable option either economically, politically or strategically.
Food should be available at reasonable prices 4. There are also high administrative and storage costs to be considered. Increasing domestic production of food to meet its growing demand 2. Foodgrain production is annual and includes rice, wheat and coarse grains and has been assigned to calendar years rather than financial years. India can spend thousands of crores to protect itself through nuclear might but can render itself completely vulnerable by losing its greatest achievement, the backbone of sovereignty----- food self-sufficiency. The food grains would be transported to the various depots as prescribed by the Central Govt. Buffer stock of food should be maintained Q.
There has been revolutionary changes in the concept of food security from mere macro level availability and stability to micro level household food insecurity. Ragi is a rain fed crop grown in drier parts of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The source is Agricultural Statistics at a Glance, 2013. Policies that seek to suppress the actual cost of food also ignore the benefits of higher food prices on wages. Issues of buffer stocks and food security In present scenario, there is major problem in staple food distribution system due to the price volatility of commodity.
This will eliminate the middlemen and also eliminate profiteering and black marketing. It also raises the question of whether it is appropriate to combine the Agriculture Ministry with the food and Public Distribution Ministry. Three dimensions of food security : i Availability of food : There should be enough stocks of food items in the country through good production, through imports or previous year's stock stored in government godowns. Shockingly, the government offered the Indian farmer almost Rs 100 less than what it paid foreign trades. The coverage was extended to rural areas by some states during the 1980s. The Bill can transform and restructure the lives of people if carefully crafted and implemented. At the all-India level, 70.