The Brotherhood in the Invisible Man Brotherhoods are associations, usually of men, that unite for common purposes. Why is it that Sociology-oriented critics seem to rate literature so far below politics and ideology that they would rather kill a novel than modify their presumptions concerning a given reality which it seeks in its own terms to project? Because of the great reward and the doors the reward opens up, the narrator accepts the subhuman treatment as normal. Treachery also reinforces the ideas of blindness and invisibility, because any betrayal is essentially a sign that the betrayer willfully refuses to see his victim. But as the story progresses, it becomes clear that the narrator is just as invisible to Jack as he is to everyone else. The Brotherhood supposedly advocates nonviolence and focuses on integration and cooperation where both whites and blacks will be able to work together for the good of society as a whole, especially the poor and oppressed. Through their perceptions of him, the narrator sees how Rinehart has taken on the conflicting identities of a lover, hipster, runner, pimp, briber, and Reverend.
Wells notes for Class 12 is made by best teachers who have written some of the best books of Class 12. Norton : A wealthy white trustee at the narrator's college. Ras the Exhorter thinks that blacks should rise up and take their freedom by destroying whites. Yet the factory denies this dependence in the final presentation of its product, and the narrator, as a black man, ends up stifled. When he is called uptown for a Brotherhood crisis, he tries to send her home but she shows up on the street corner in Harlem before he is finally able to convince her to leave. Norton on the drive, but to no avail.
While the narrator can be somewhat unreliable in this regard, Ellison makes sure that the reader perceives the narrator's blindness. The narrator wants to take on this identity to experience the power and status which Rinehart has established. Though the narrator is intelligent, deeply introspective, and highly gifted with language, the experiences that he relates demonstrate that he was naïve in his youth. After spending some time in the brotherhood, the narrator one night buys a pair of dark sunglasses and a hat in order to imitate a man named Rinehart that seems very famous in town. The narrator first dons the mask after his falling-out with the Brotherhood, in Chapter 22.
Upon seeing the narrator, Ras gives him grief and the narrator responds with a short speech. Without his experiences in the South, the narrator never would have felt invisible. He steals electricity from the company to light his room, which he has lined with 1,369 bulbs. Being invisible sometimes makes him doubt whether he really exists. The deepest subversion of the established order is the notion that a black man might speak to a white person, thus collapsing the gulf between black and white, expressing the multiplicity of himself that cannot be bound by or to one role. Upon arriving in New York, the narrator enters the world of the Liberty Paints plant, which achieves financial success by subverting blackness in the service of a brighter white.
He addresses his story through the usage of the first person narrative. Though most of the narrator's difficulties arise from the fact that he is black, Ellison repeatedly emphasized his intent to render the narrator as a universal character, a representation of the struggle to define oneself against societal expectations. To understand how he will do that, we must examine the roles the other characters adopt. He is something different for everyone he meets; he is a friend, a lover, a bookie, and even a preacher. While he tries to escape the grip of prejudice on an individual level, he encounters other blacks who attempt to prescribe a defense strategy for all African Americans.
Throughout the novel, the narrator finds himself passing through a series of communities, from the Liberty Paints plant to the Brotherhood, with each microcosm endorsing a different idea of how blacks should behave in society. Although he passes no judgment on the white men's behavior, the men's actions provide enough evidence for the reader to denounce the men as appalling racists. Read an Tod Clifton - A black member of the Brotherhood and a resident of Harlem. Bledsoe, thinks that blacks can best achieve success by working industriously and adopting the manners and speech of whites. In this moment of mortal danger, the narrator rejects identity and the labels that Ras would put on him. In this final speech act, he demonstrates a radical political subversion of ideology: the notion that a black man and a white audience might be represented by the same words, thus, finally, subverting the separation imposed on them through a powerful act of empathy and collaborative meaning-making.
Rinehart : Rinehart is a black man who we never actually meet in the novel. Neither the narrator nor Tod Clifton, a youth leader within the Brotherhood, is particularly swayed by his words. What kind of black mahn is that who betrays his own mama? Like Ras, Garvey was a charismatic racial separatist with a love of flamboyant costumes who advocated black pride and argued against integration with whites. Through their perceptions of him, the narrator sees how Rinehart has taken on the conflicting identities of zootsuiter, player, and Reverend in order to manipulate as many people as possible. Mattie Lou Trueblood Trueblood's daughter, Mattie Lou is impregnated by her father. Bledsoe : The president of the narrator's college.
Finally, in Chapter 25, he retreats underground. Happiness and success in various areas of a person's life depends on how well the individual can play the part. He threw the blond man to the ground, kicked him, and pulled out his knife, prepared to slit the man's throat. As a result, just as a division exists between Ellison and the narrator, a division arises between the narrator as a narrator and the narrator as a character. From his real name, to the name he was given for the Brotherhood, and finally to the multi-identities of Rinehart -- a reverend, a pimp, a gambler, etc, the narrator actually never really possess a real identity. The next day, the narrator reads about the incident in the newspaper, only to find the attack described as a mugging. His glass eye and his red hair symbolize his blindness and his communism, respectively.