This helps to reduce supervision cost. Job designed scientifically will motivate employees for job commitment. Also read: Human resource planning requires some fundamental information regarding the job. Ford and many others have gone on to generalize that job enrichment is the solution to all behavioural problems facing modern management. Granting additional authority to an employee in his activity. It provides the avenue of personal growth.
Meaning after your purchase you will get an original copy of your assignment and you have all the rights to use the paper. There characteristics are as explained below: 1. All these things provide the motivation to employees and increase the level of satisfaction too. Such jobs reduce the absenteeism, turnover, grievance, frustration and lower productivity. The number of such employees is generally considerable. The concept of job enrichment was first proposed by an American psychologist Fredrick Herzberg in 1968.
This approach thus, considers the social aspects and technical system of the job. Some motivational theories suggest that the boredom and alienation caused by the division of labour can actually cause efficiency to fall. Step 1 To make an Order you only need to click and we will direct you to our Order Page at WriteDen. As an example, we'll look at John, an accountant in a large corporation. He receives praise for good work and blame for poor work. In such organizations work shifts are prepared like morning shift, day shift and night shifts having 8 hours in each shift.
By job enrichment, an employee finds satisfaction in respect to their position and personal growth potential, whereas job enlargement refers to having additional duties and responsibilities in a current job description. Examples: Small companies may not have as many opportunities for promotions, so they try to motivate employees through job enlargement. He's also more motivated due to the interesting new tasks and the feeling of value he has now that his boss has noticed his high quality of work and asked him to take on more responsibility. This theory is based on the premise that employees have a natural tendency to want to succeed and are eager to be trusted with a bigger role in the company. Thus, job enrichment is a vertical expansion of a job by adding more responsibility and freedom to do it. This means, under this method, jobs are designed including task demanding higher order skills, greater experience and better expertise. In other words, what the supervisor has been doing till now planning, instructing, controlling and supervising will now be done by the worker.
By job enrichment, an employee finds satisfaction in respect to their position and personal growth potential, whereas job enlargement refers to having additional duties and responsibilities in a current job description. Advantages of Job Rotation Job rotation helps in testing the employee skills and competencies which in turn helps in placing him or her at the right place. This technique entails enriching the job so that these factors are included. The job holders feel satisfied that his tasks have been extended, without knowing that his role and responsibilities are increased. As such, human capabilities are not being fully utilised under such conditions and it is creating frustration among the workers and alienating them from their jobs. This creates a desire for the employee to want to pay the employer back in the form of hard work, loyalty, and dedication the company. This further increases the work efficiency.
So, this method gives full employee motivation. In case of job rotation, an employee performs different jobs, but of the same nature. In this step, jobs are prepared and assigned to the concerned department and employees. Conclusion Both job enlargement and job enrichment are regarded as motivational tools for the employees, used by the management. Question 1: Give your views on the fundamental considerations which should underlie the recruitment and selection of staff.
Job enlargement expands horizontally when compared to job enrichment, which expands vertically. A is working as an executive with a company and is currently performing 3 activities on his job after job enlargement or through job enlargement we add 4 more activities to the existing job so now Mr. There is, generally, a tendency on the part of the management to impose job enrichment on workers rather than applying it with their consent; it will have a negative impact on the employees. Vertical growth of job or augmentation is helpful to obtain managerial rights. Job enlargement and job enrichment are tools for motivation and growth.
In short, we can say that job enrichment means to upgrade the quality of a job and to make it more exciting, challenging and creative. Their poor performance may lead to demotions, which tends to have a negative impact on the employee's self —confidence and motivation. It should not create pressure and frustration in an employee. To improve employee motivation and productivity, jobs should be modified to increase the motivators present for the employee. An enlarged job can motivate an individual for five reasons: a Task Variety: Highly fragmented jobs requiring a limited number of unchanging responses tend to be extremely monotonous. Behavioral Approach: Effectiveness of jobs depends on the behavior of employees toward that job. Job Rotation Job rotation refers to moving employees from job to job to add variety and reduce boredom by allowing them to perform a variety of tasks.