Karl Marx, one of the key philosophical, economic and sociological figures of modern times was strongly influenced by the revolution of 1789, and hoped other similar revolutions elsewhere against feudal or oppressive societies would follow. It brought about an ideology which believed that scientific and historical study should be looked at and incorporated into a philosophical perspective. Even if it would not be right to call rural sociology just an applied science, it would be equally wrong to deny its strong interest in the problems of daily life and its striving for applicability. He decided an entirely new science was needed. There was social chaos and disorder in societies that were resulted in by the political revolutions especially in the French society. Marx focused on struggles between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, but modern conflict theorists have expanded this perspective to include smaller groups and even basic relationships.
It also meant thesolutions of the problems could come from the people themselves. Because of this fact,most scholars have for hundreds of years agreed that the modern eraof human history began with the Renaissance. This scientific and ideological views of all thinkers were the consequence of philosophy of enlightenment. They wanted to recapture the spirit of the Greek and Roman culturesin their own artistic, literary, and philosophic works. It is important first therefore to recognise that the political and cultural climate that existed before the revolution was dominated by the church and the monarchy. So the elements of sociology, that is the social structure, culture, class, and individual agency, affects directly or indirectly, the development of scientific both natural and social knowledge, skills, and attitudes, beliefs, perceptions what we call human subjectivities. The simple rural life and small-scale home industries were replaced by complex urban life and mass production of goods.
Marxist ideas are still relevant because our eight hour work day, worker rights, and unions have been hugely influenced by Marxist principles. The first department of sociology opened at McGill University in Montreal, Canada, in 1922, followed by sociology departments at Harvard University in 1930 and at the University of California at Berkeley in the 1950s. The Ideology of contemporary thinker social thinkers eg — August Comte, Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, Max webber etc played a very important role in the emergence of sociology as modern scientific discipline. These parts work hand in hand for the betterment of an organization hence the absence of one part affects the others. Labor class had neither any right ofvoting t nor any other participation in Parliamentary affairs wasallowed.
Development has been central to microsociological debates as well. Diffusion is a process of the spreading of ideas, culture and objects to other societies. During her regime, once againrelationship between England and France had have improved. This provided a point of reference for modelling sociology. It destroyed, or radically altered, the medieval customs, beliefs and ideals.
It is in face a science, better said a social science which overlooks a variety of aspects affecting human social behaviour such as social stratification, social class, social mobility, religion, secularization, law, sexuality and deviance. Auguste Comte was influenced by the growth and prestige of the natural sciences because Comte coined the term sociology which relates to the scientific study of the society. Why the rate of social change was not the same everywhere? In the city they were faced with terrible working conditions: low pay; exhausting hours; dangerous work; bad ventilation and noise. Is unity always at a social and political cost to some. In 1832 England's king George 4th passed the regulationabout the labor participation and representation in Parliament'saffairs. These mainly contributed to the origin of cities.
Inventions may be classified into material telephone, aeroplane , and social inventions alphabet, language, government, etc. In summary these events were integral to the emergence of sociology and social sciences in this period of history. The roots of sociology are connected with Greek philosophers such as Plato and are connected with surveying and collecting data based on a sample group. The second are known as 'man made' determinants which are comprised of many things such as economic, political, religious, defence. Whenever we examine a smaller part, we need to look for its functions and dysfunctions to see how it is related to the larger unit. Inaddition, the European settlers who added both culture and languageto the islands.
The leaders of the Renaissance rejected many of theattitudes and ideas of the Middle Ages. Is culture a principal source of conflict and violence between and among groups? It is a social science which uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about human social activity. They worked long hours in dangerous conditions for low pay. One could imagine a rural sociology in many respects quite different from the present. In 1920 Mysore university also introducedit as optional subject. Another derivative of the industrialization is the vertical and horizontal integration in the petroleum sector.
Scientific study means which should not include phenomenon based on imagination or beliefs or on supernatural power. Like Brahmins of India ,Pope in Europe wassupreme power. The basic approach can be applied to any social group, whether the whole society, a school, or even a group as small as the family. There were so many problems in everysociety. However, sociology as an independent science came to be established only in the 19th century and there were some founders of this. Shocked by the suffering and exploitation be witnessed, Marx began to analyze society and history.
They may focus micro level problems like family relationships or macro level problems like crime and pollution. Like the physical sciences sociology began looking at thecause-effect relationship in human behaviour. Ford left most of his vast wealth to the Ford Foundation but arranged for his family to control the company permanently. Ethnography as defined by Hammersley and Atkinson 1995, p. The life ofcommon man was very pathetic.