In: The Farther Reaches of Human Nature. Theory Y manager will try to remove the barriers that prevent workers from fully actualizing themselves. If properly implemented, such an environment can increase and continually fuel motivation as employees work to satisfy their higher-level personal needs through their jobs. The rationale for the drawn-out time frame is that it helps develop a more dedicated, loyal, and permanent workforce, which benefits the company; the employees, meanwhile, have the opportunity to fully develop their careers at one company. You may think that this type of work calls for you to apply the Theory X management style.
The hard approach results in hostility, purposely low output, and extreme union demands. He was an advocate for Theory Y management. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. As he explained in his seminal paper titled Theory Z, the motivation for transcendence literally 'transcends' his original hierarchy of needs. The result of this line of thought is that Theory X managers naturally adopt a controlling style based on the threat of punishment.
People want to avoid work and they must be continually coerced and controlled. The opinions expressed are those of the writer. She is also a Content writer, Business Coach and Company Trainer and lives in the Netherlands Europe. It harmonizes and matches employees needs and aspirations with organizational needs and aspirations. What are the characteristics of a Theory X manager? Douglas McGregor, revisited: managing the human side of the enterprise.
And then a funny thing happens. So much so that he tried to introduce Theory Y into a Californian electronics business, but found that the idea in its extreme form did not work well. A Theory Y manager assumes that people go to work, and do work, because they want to satisfy their own intrinsic motivation and drive, and to accomplish and achieve. There is little delegation of authority from the management. Theory X encourages use of tight control and supervision. This short quiz does not count toward your grade in the class, and you can retake it an unlimited number of times. Law Firms Law firms also apply the Z Theory.
Theory X follows an authoritarian approach to motivate people. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. McGregor recognized that some people may not have reached the level of maturity assumed by Theory Y and therefore may need tighter controls that can be relaxed as the employee develops. Ready to supercharge your leadership search and get the right person in your organization? The guide has the low-down on over 100 of the most influential business-management ideas and more than 50 of the world's most influential management thinkers. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. There are four main stages in the succession planning process, which involve transition movement of new role , initiation, selection, and education. Other tasks are also assigned, such as minor court roles and finding new clients.
Therefore, in this theory of motivation, it is incumbent on the manager or supervisor to play a hands on role in day to day activities. The article is Written By Prachi Juneja and Reviewed By Management Study Guide Content Team. The democratic approach of Theory Y makes people feel comfortable as a result of which they commit themselves wholeheartedly to the organization. She also provides exclusive content for her ever growing email list. McGregor provided us with a valuable tool to tackle this almost habitual cultural response to being the boss by asking managers to analyze the preconceptions they bring to the office with them each day. Project Management Course: Theory X Manager: Eeek! In addition to their preference for a certain leadership style and the work that has to be done, a manager will either opt for Theory X or Theory Y.
Two reasons: 1 high-quality products and 2 low prices. Their logical capabilities should be fully utilized. Theory X People are basically lazy, and must be coerced to work. Another innovative management style developed by is also called. Although Theory Y encompasses creativity and discussion, it does have limitations. According to McGregor, there are two opposing approaches to implementing Theory X: the hard approach and the soft approach. Essentially, Theory X assumes that the primary source of most employee motivation is monetary, with security as a strong second.
Instead of money being the sole motivator, other elements such as positive encouragement and a pleasant work area are added. Your employees may not believe that you have changed. X Theory was the earliest theory, and takes a pessimistic view of workers. In order to get the best out of the employees, plenty of management is necessary, meaning the structure of the business can become quite top-heavy. The human side of enterprise. Implementing a system that is too soft could result in an entitled, low-output workforce. Contrast to X and Y Theory Z Theory emerged from the existence of two previous business management theories: X Theory and Y Theory.