Transcendent Address: Analyzing 'The American Scholar' and Transcendentalism Where we might see a single farmer - unique and separate from everyone else - Emerson saw simply Man Farming. To live in the present with nature and God, one must not worry about the past or future, compare oneself to others, or rely on words and thoughts not one's own. I deny not, however, that a revolution in the leading idea may be distinctly enough traced. Events, actions arise that must be sung, that will sing themselves. This causes a slight bulging of the water toward the moon and a consequent high tide.
It is one of those fables which out of an unknown antiquity convey an unlooked-for wisdom, that the gods, in the beginning, divided Man into men, that he might be more helpful to himself; just as the hand was divided into fingers, the better to answer its end. The mind now thinks; now acts; and each fit reproduces the other. Historyand exact science he must learn by laborious reading. The most famous of English chemists. There is some awe mixed with the joy of our surprise, when this poet, who lived in some past world, two or three hundred years ago, says that which lies close to my own soul, that which I also had well-nigh thought and said. It came to him short-lived actions; it went out from him immortal thoughts. This idea they have differently followed and with various success.
What is lost in seemliness is gained in strength. By highlighting this obstacle, Morris calls attention to the ongoing struggle to secure funding for transformational research, especially for work with a normative or liberatory aim, and for scholars of color. As far as this is true of the studious classes, it is not just and wise. Without it, he is not yet man. Thinking is a partial act. Young men of the fairest promise, who begin life upon our shores, inflated by the mountain winds, shined upon by all the stars of God, find the earth below not in unison with these, — but are hindered from action by the disgust which the principles on which business is managed inspire, and turn drudges, or die of disgust, — some of them suicides.
What is the right use? What would we really know the meaning of? Instantly we know whose words are loaded with life, and whose not. The transcendental concept of the world as an expression of ourselves makesaction the natural duty of a thinking personEmerson observes the difference between recent actions and past actions. He is the world's heart. The brother of his hand is even now cleaving the arctic sea in the fin of the whale, and innumerable ages since was pawing the marsh in the flipper of the saurian. These roses under my window make no reference to former roses or to better ones; they are for what they are; they exist with God today. Inaction is cowardice, but there can be no scholar without the heroic mind.
The word seems to have been applied by Portuguese sailors and traders on the west coast of Africa to objects worshiped by the natives, which were regarded as charms or talismans. Drudgery, calamity, exasperation, want, are instructors in eloquence and wisdom. In the long period of his preparation he must betray often an ignorance and shiftlessness in popular arts, incurring the disdain of the able who shoulder him aside. There is virtue yet in the hoe and the spade, for learned as well as for unlearned hands. He occupied high public offices, but in 1621 was convicted of taking bribes in his office of Lord Chancellor.
Thought and knowledge are natures in which apparatus and pretension avail nothing. Life lies behind us as the quarry from whence we get tiles and copestones for the masonry of to-day. He shall see that nature is the opposite of the soul, answering to it part for part. Its laws are the laws of his own mind. When he can read God directly, the hour is too precious to be wasted in other men's transcripts of their readings. Manlike let him turn and face it.
Emerson also uses repetition to emphasize his belief that truly complete men are not tied to any one job or profession. Yet, despite the devastation, many groups of people within the United States handed this epidemic very differently from each other. The great man makes the great thing. Another example is that, with the development of Chinese tourism, people outside China start to. Pointing out the differences between this gathering and the athletic and dramatic contests of ancient Greece, the poetry contests of the Middle Ages, and the scientific academies of nineteenth-century Europe, he voices a theme that draws the entire essay together: the notion of an independent American intelligentsia that will no longer depend for authority on its European past. Yes, we are the cowed, — we the trustless. Because ancient authors thought and felt as people do today,books defeat time, a phenomenon that Emerson argues is evidence of the transcendental oneness of humanminds.
The chemist finds proportions and intelligible method throughout matter; and science is nothing but the finding of analogy, identity, in the most remote parts. Pope possessed little originality or creative imagination, but he had a vivid sense of the beautiful and an exquisite taste. The actions and events of our childhood and youth, are now matters of calmest observation. What is the right use? Precisely in proportion to the depth of mind from which it issued, so high does it soar, so long does it sing. In this way, they disconnect with the universe, with God, because the creed becomes mistaken for the universe. The ultimate purpose of The American Scholar was to show what a scholar was. The ambitious soul sits down before each refractory fact; one after another, reduces all strange constitutions, all new powers, to their class and their law, and goes on for ever to animate the last fibre of organization, the outskirts of nature, by insight.