To Rostow, each stage in economic growth is unique and easily identifiable. The period lasts only about two decades. The pre-conditions for take — off 3. The economy starts to produce wider range of goods and services. Yet in reality and in the context of many developing countries such as Zimbabwe, economies may enter phases of low output with industries and investors closing down. There are three forces which increase welfare during the post-maturity phase: i The national policy is geared to enhance power and spreads its influence beyond national frontiers; ii For achieving the goal of a welfare state, the government makes provisions for more equitable distribution of income, social security, leisure to the workforce; iii Commercial centres of cheaper automobiles, houses and sophisticated household devices, etc. However the model has got a number of flaws related to issues of real life applicability.
The existence or quick emergence of a political, social and institutional framework which exploits the impulses to expansion in the modern sector and the potential external economy effects of the take-off. High Mass Consumption: According to Rostow, the last stage of economic growth is the High Mass Consumption stage in which the economy produces surpluses for its internal and external markets. On the other hand, Multicultural approaches to therapy suggest that counseling theories. He explained the stages without any interrelationship. They became independent thus there became a need for new development policies. The drive to maturity is confusing.
On the other, the structural change theory mainly focuses on the process wherein nations develop their economy by drastically. In my present job, the population served is clients with children that currently excused from work by a medical doctor. Compound interest becomes built, as it were, into its habits and institutional structure Chang, 2003, p. To Gylfason 2000 economic growth is a systematic increase in the available market opportunities and choices. The people start using modern science and technology for increasing productivity in both agriculture and industry.
As a result they came to India and other colonies for business purpose at the first time and gradually took the political power of this country. Over-lapping of Different Stages: The stages of economic growth mentioned by Rostow are not mutually exclusive and they may overlap each other. Investment increase,notably in transport,communications and in raw materials in which other nations may have an economic interest. In most parts of Britain the situation changed with the domination of Napoleon whose victory set in new revolutionary ideas. This assumption is questioned due to empirical evidence of many countries making 'false starts' then reaching a degree of progress and change and then slipping back.
However, it industrialized early, developing profitable manufacturing and high-tech industries. Bourgeois: The development of governments and education were the driving force of the economy and resulted in an emergence of Capitalism which took its pedigrees from the division of labour created in a means to meet rising demands and improve production. This means that as an economy grows, its pollution output increases, but only until it reaches a particular threshold where production becomes less resource-intensive and more sustainable. This essay shall discuss the applicability of the economic growth model of Walter. Rostow's model does not disagree with regarding the importance of government control over domestic development which is not generally accepted by some ardent free trade advocates. A new class of entrepreneurs emerges in the society who mobilise savings and undertake investment in new enterprises and bear risks and uncertainty. All this sounds less informed in that other developing countries especially those at coast, Tanzania-Zanzibar and the traditional Igbo and Yoruba of Nigeria included, developed their economies from transport and communication services linking foreign investors to other African countries.
Likewise, Meier argues that stages in the history of economic growth cannot be generalised from the development experience of some European Countries as Rostow has done. Labour, capital, and special services such as transport and communication services demand starts to rise. Further, there is a change in the attitude of the people who start viewing the world where there are possibilities of future growth. Rostow puts forward that there is a short time span between take off stage 2 and maturity stage 3 when a country becomes 1324 Words 6 Pages economic theory of the post-war years: modernization theory. The characteristics of this stage are: a The Rate of Investment: The first property of the stage of take-off is nothing but the rate of investment. Only a few regions of the country develop industries and other organizations which might employ a certain number of workers especially those from the rural areas. The reactions of historians and economists have been less favourable.
The main feature of this stage is rapid, self-sustained growth. The model partially applies to the pre-colonial era of most developing countries such as Zimbabwe, South Africa, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania among many others. So too, in the age of high mass consumption, a society is able to choose between concentrating on and issues, on and issues, or on developing great for its upper class. The drive to maturity stage is a period of self-sustaining growth, with increasing investment and diversification. The social structure of such societies was hierarchical in which family and dan connections played a dominant role in social organizations.
Stage two is titled 'Tran conditional,' or otherwise known as the pre-conditions to takeoff. Classical economists argued — as do the neoclassical ones — in favor of the , and against in those markets. In the context of the developing world, economists and developmentalists cannot rely upon this model only unless they are much interested in giving sketchy history of how economies can evolve. Gunar Mydral has argued that there cannot an inevitable sequence of events described as successive stages of growth. Finally, Rostow disregards one of the most fundamental geographical principals: site and situation.
Pre-Conditions need not Precede Take-Off: It is not essential that pre-conditions must precede take-off. Meghalaya is one of the seven states of north east of India. It is believed that Rostow's theory which contains 5 stages is an extension of these theories. This diversity leads to reduction in poverty rate and increasing standards of living, as the society no longer needs to sacrifice its comfort in order to build up certain sectors. E 1993 Stages of growth revisited, Development Southern Africa, 10:1, 101-110, Rostow, W.
It shows that ther is considerable overlapping in the different stages. Education for some atleast,broadens and changes suit the needs of the modern activity. Nomothetic Explanations- seek to explain a class of situations in general. This pattern was followed in Europe, parts of Asia, the Middle East and Africa. The theory also assumes a linear progression from one stage to the next when it's quite possible for development to be cyclical where a country may fall backward in economic development.