People should me more conscious and aware for the need to preserve water. However, for the developed countries, agriculture contributes a smaller per cent age to their national income. Government participation or interference in the economy was very strong, beginning with the Rana period, which lasted from the mid-nineteenth century until the mid-twentieth century. Pre-Requisite for Raw Material: Agricultural advancement is necessary for improving the supply of raw materials for the agro-based industries especially in developing countries. The country has been dependent on agriculture not only as a source of income but also as the main source of food especially in rural areas. Himalayan Bank Limited Himalayan Bank Limited was established in 1992 by the distinguished business personalities of Nepal in partnership with Employees Provident Habib Bank Limited, one of the largest commercial bank of Pakistan.
In the initial stages of economic development, it is agriculture that constitutes a significant source of capital formation. Therefore, the role of agriculture for the development of an economy may be stated as below: 1. Helpful to Reduce Inequality: In a country which is predominantly agricultural and overpopulated, there is greater inequality of income between the rural and urban areas of the country. Paper presented at the Livestock Workshop, held at Lumle Agricultural Centre, 17—19 January, 1984. Economic growth efforts also encourage competitiveness and exports; improve trade and fiscal policies and practices; and strengthen microfinance policies and institutions by working with the Government of Nepal, the private sector, think tanks, and civil society. Table 1: Household income and labour utilisation pattern in Nepal.
Past experience indicated bottlenecks, however, in using modern technology to achieve a healthy growth. The Structural Adjustment Program initiative focused on sustainable growth through balance in different sectors of the economy. Breeding programmes will therefore have to depend upon natural mating with exotic sires. The value in cattle urine has been reported to be 0. On both indicators, Nepal performed worse than Bhutan and of other peer countries. Agriculture sector requires less capital for its development thus it minimizes growth problem of foreign capital.
The Structural Adjustment Program sought to confront some of the longer-term constraints to economic growth. This can only be achieved through a community or group approach, and requires considerable infrastructural, organisational and financial support from outside agencies. Construction Industries: Road, Rail, Ropeway, bridge, trolley bus, tramway, tunnels, flying bridge, industrial, commercial, residential complexes, construction and operation etc. Considering all these factors involved in livestock management, it has become apparent that the sedentary transhumance system of raising large livestock in the hills is no longer sustainable, since it leads to serious environmental degradation. Assuming the animals are stall fed, the annual output of N, P and K for cattle would be 12.
Horticulture and food processing, animal husbandry, dairy, poultry, fishery, tea, coffee gardening and processing, herb cultivation and procession, vegetable farming, vegetable seed production, vegetable processing, mushroom cultivati0n and processing, tissue culture, green house, honey production, flower cultivation, bee farming rubber farming, forest related businesses as lease hold forests and agro-forestry. These are also called financial intermediator. The findings to date are summarized in Table 19. Hence, average urine production per day per animal would be about six and nine litres in cattle and buffaloes respectively. When the leaf area becomes small, the tree dies and is cut for fuelwood. The Seventh Five-Year Plan 1985-90 proposed expenditures of Rs29 billion. From this table, it is clear that the amount of plant nutrients removed from the soil by crops in the maize - wheat system is just matched by the compost maximum level applied by farmers.
In case the majority of the people have to be kindled with the hopes of prosperity, this can be attained with the help of agricultural progress. Table 11: Estimated average annual labour input to livestock. The Third Five-Year Plan 1965-70 increased the involvement of local panchayat. It provides the current situation of poverty, development gaps, livelihood and food security, food supply and balance, etc. The government continually failed to use all committed foreign aid, however, probably as a result of inefficiency.
The social goals of the plans were improving health and education as well as encouraging equitable income distribution. Oli 1987 estimated the total output of dung fresh weight from cattle and buffalo per day to be about 10 kg and 12 kg respectively giving a total of 3. Second, animal housing is inappropriate, especially for the collection of urine, and third, inadequate bedding materials are provided in the animal sheds due to the limitation of forest resources. In general, most of the animals in Nepal are underfed throughout the year except during the monsoon period. Average daily milk production was only 1. After Parliament, which had been established under the 1959 constitution, was suspended in 1960, the Second Plan failed to materialize on schedule. All established poverty measures show that the various forms of poverty are both persistence and wide spread in nature.
It has also been estimated that the total feed available as a percentage of requirement is 53. . Although targets again were missed, there were improvements in industrial production, road construction, telephone installations, irrigation, and education. The only support required is the regular follow-up of the programme, so that minor problems can be resolved in good time. This text is primarily focused on contribution of agriculture in the economy of Bangladesh. Those combined with the improved nutrition from forage improvement programmes, allied to the better genetic potential of the animals, could greatly increase the productivity of the animals in the country and increase the income of the individual farming family. Although cash income from the sale of ghee is considerably less than from the sale of fluid milk, the milk protein present in the butter milk remains in the family for home consumption and thus compensates for the lower income from the sale of ghee.
This indicates that livestock rearing takes up 7. Major source of National income Agriculture is the major source of national income, which contributes more than 39% of the total product of the country. Throughout the hill region in mid-Nepal the black hill Zebu is the predominant breed and it is suggested that they resemble the black or red Purnea hill Zebu of North-East Bihar. The sector suffered 10% of all damages and losses and, accounting for 8. This may be the result of poor nutrition, health, or genotype either individually or in combination.
They too farm based off of culture, climate, and seasons. During Rana rule, there were very few industries other than cottage type, and they were under strict government supervision. The dense, diverse oak and broad-leafed forests are continually deprived of their fodder species as these are progressively cut back to the trunk. In addition to crop by-products, tree fodder, and grasses and weeds collected from the farm land also constitute an important forage source. Source of Food Supply: Agriculture is the basic source of food supply of all the countries of the world—whether underdeveloped, developing or even developed. Various references were taken to prepare this article.