However, the best example I can come up with is how women in television are always portrayed as beautiful and gentle, and flowery almost. A prime example is the importance of macro-level muting of prisoners by correctional officers discussed above. Mutedness results from the lack of power and might lead to being overlooked, muffled, and invisible. This shows how the different cultures are and how one is muted by the other, showing how they White women dominates in the society. It explains how and why certain groups in society are muted and not heard. Moreover, Ardener's concept of muted groups does not only apply to women but can also be applied to other non-dominant groups within social structures.
Tannen strongly believes that men and women have different ways of communicating. Face refers to how we want others to see us, how we want them to perceive us. The most prevalent example throughout society has been men and women, men being the dominant figure, and women being mute. Women as well as members of other non-dominant groups are not as free or as able as men are to say what they wish, because the words and the norms for their use have been formulated by the dominant group, men. Women and men speaking: Frameworks for analysis.
The words used to describe men make them seem powerful, controlling, and dominant. Orbe identified 26 different ways that members of muted groups can use to face the structures and messages imposed by dominant groups. The dominant group may also ignore the voice of the. I would also argue that half of the people that saw it as important only did so because the news outlets put such an emphasis on it. On another occasion, my female coworker and I were talking about what we were going to wear for our Senior Prom when he overheard and came over to us. Ardener called the theory the muted group because these muted groups are liken to black holes since they are muffled, overlooked and invisible Griffin.
Journal of Communication, 65, 79-100. Because of this, men are thought to have dominance over women so therefore they are able to shape and formulate the ways that people speak and the ways in which people are heard. The reason behind this lies in the predominance of male gatekeepers, who are defined as editors and other arbiters of a culture who determine which books, essays, poetry, plays, film scripts, etc. He left her completely shocked and horrified that she was too embarrassed to tell our supervisor of what had happened. In other words, the members of the underrepresented groups become co-researchers. Introducing Communication Theory: Analysis and Application. It is these reasons that women and minorities are to be considered muted groups because they are considered to be of a lower status than the dominant groups.
Not only is language an important aspect…. Many disabled groups are silenced by the dominant abled group that knowingly or unknowingly exclude them. Women are thought to be built differently than males, and these differences cause women to act differently than their male counterparts. The American Journal of Sociology. You are to identify the theory the example represents, who developed the theory theorist , explain the relevance of the theory, and then provide your own personal or professional application example of the theory. Evidence for the construct validity and reliability of the Co-Cultural Theory Scales. I read the theories and had initially thought that I would like to comment on how men are forced to conform to certain stereotypes and at times have to bottle up their emotions to ensure they are accepted by the people around them.
Women are thought to be built differently than ales, and these differences cause women to act differently than their male counterparts. Thus, women are often muted in terms of the topics they tend to cover. Fifth, Women are not likely to create new words, but sometimes do so to create meanings special and unique to women Kramarae 1981. Although these three television commercials are selling similar product, its focus are different. The reason which Kramarae propounds for this is that it is due to the fact that language was created by men. Muted group theoryMuted Group Theory has many adherents, but as you would expect with such a politically charged theory, it also has detractors.
Pro: All women are part of a central group in our culture, so women in the United States are treated alike. Our textbook Introducing Communication Theory says that communication depends on our ability to understand one another West, Turner 2010. Being mute is essential in regards to defining Muted Group Theory because of the specific groups that are inclined to be mute within a society women and marginalized groups. Conference Papers -- National Communication Association. In a harsh contrast words to describe a female with an active sexual appetite include: slut, hooker, mistress, hussy, easy lay, prostitute, whore, and nymphomaniac. Ardener's Dominant Group vs Muted Group Muted Group Theory was firstly developed in the field of by the British anthropologist, Edwin Ardener. One member of the subordinate group that is also silenced in the workplace are women who face sexual harassment by the dominant group.
It is important to understand Muted Group Theory when dealing with men and women and the power each gender has. Keywords: muted, men, women, theory, dominant Muted Group Theory When the word mute comes to mind many think of being silent or refraining from speech. Application The muted group theory can be applied to understand the problems of the marginalised groups. Tannen acknowledges that differences in male and female communication styles sometimes lead to imbalances of power, but unlike Kramarae, she is willing to assume that the problems are caused primarily by men and women's different styles. Technology and Women's Voices : Keeping in Touch. Some outstanding problems in the analysis of events.