Or For A Little Background. Competitive Markets: Disadvantaged because advertising is not as effective because there are more than one firm selling the same product so a firm cannot advertise and expect to see a higher revenue for their specific firm but possibly the whole market. Can there be too many varieties of shoes, for example? Product differentiation is based on variety and innovation. Concentration ratios: A may overstate the degree of competition because they ignore imported products. The new demand curve is now a little steeper. A firm making profits in the will nonetheless only in the long run because demand will decrease and average total cost will increase. Refer to the above diagram for a monopolistically competitive firm in short-run equilibrium.
It involves many firms competing against each other, but selling products that are distinctive in some way. Finally, product differentiation may occur in the minds of buyers. D a highly inelastic demand curve and the monopolistic element from advertising and product promotion. Occupies a place in the market that is between competitive markets, which produces low prices and an efficient market where as a monopoly produces high prices inefficiently. D both diagrams b and c. Product differentiation increases total utility by better meeting people's wants than homogenous products in a perfectly competitive market. Key Concepts and Summary Monopolistic competition refers to a market where many firms sell differentiated products.
Monopolistically competitive markets are also allocatively inefficient, as the price given is higher than Marginal cost. D losses would necessarily occur. Some brands gain prestige value and can extract an additional price for that. C advertising product promotion and changes in the real or perceived characteristics of a product. In monopolistic competition, various producers deal with selling similar but somewhat different goods. In the long-run economic theory predicts that a monopolistically competitive firm will: A earn an economic profit. The most prominent example of oligopoly market is petroleum industry, wherein, despite having a large number of companies, the market is dominated by a few major companies.
B a large number of firms producing a standardized or homogeneous product. The demand curve faced by a monopolistically competitive firm falls in between. Following are some of the major differences between these two market structures: Market Size and Control The main difference between both the market structures is a relative size and market control of these firms on the basis of a number of competitors in a particular market. Roughly one third of this was television advertising, and another third was divided roughly equally between Internet, newspapers, and radio. Both perfectly competitive and monopolistically competitive firms produce where price equals marginal cost. Produces a higher price and a lower level of output than a competitive market does. As an example of a profit-maximizing monopolistic competitor, consider the Authentic Chinese Pizza store, which serves pizza with cheese, sweet and sour sauce, and your choice of vegetables and meats.
In the case of restaurants, each one offers something different and possesses an element of uniqueness, but all are essentially competing for the same customers. A significant benefit of monopolistic competition compared with pure competition is: A less likelihood of X-inefficiency. In fact, the would be high. Intangible aspects can differentiate a product, too. C a perfectly elastic demand curve and the monopolistic element from low entry barriers.
Monopolistically competitive and purely competitive industries are similar in that: A both are assured of short-run economic profits. In monopolistically competitive markets resources are: A overallocated because long-run equilibrium occurs where price exceeds marginal cost. The combination of price P 0 and quantity Q 0 lies above the average cost curve, which shows that the firm is earning positive economic profits. C larger the number of competitors. If the firms in a monopolistically competitive industry are suffering economic losses, then the industry will see an exit of firms until economic profits are driven up to zero in the long run. Monopolistically competitive industries do offer benefits to consumers in the form of greater variety and incentives for improved products and services.
Differentiated products give firms market power. The key element that can give rise to oligopoly market is a requirement for government authorization, especially in circumstances where entry is restricted to only a few firms. This information on total revenue is then used to calculate marginal revenue, which is the change in total revenue divided by the change in quantity. This means that an individual firm's demand curve is downward sloping, in contrast to perfect competition, which has a demand schedule. D The greater the degree of product variation the greater is the excess capacity problem.
B shift to the left. The restaurant legal assistance and clothing industries are each illustrations of: A countervailing power. D production at the minimum attainable average total cost. First, the firm selects the profit-maximizing quantity to produce. D shift to the right. Interindustry competition means that: A in oligopolistic industries a few large firms compete with one another in bidding down product pr Order this Paper here. That is, one opportunity cost of the variety of products we have is that each product costs more per unit than if there were only one kind of product of a given type, like shoes.