However, they never protested against the government and limited their activities within the existing laws of British India. However, the moderates opted to co-operate with the execution of the Act. Gandhi would not let Muslims join the congress. The Early Nationalists did pioneering work by exposing the true nature of in India. Three Statesmen: Gokhale, Gandhi, Nehru. An Evaluation of the Early Nationalists: i They represented the most progressive forces of the time. The early nationalists worked with the long-term objective of a democratic self-government.
So, they actually realised that the main cause of suffering for the Indians was economic exploitation and suppression. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. In 1884 Hume, in consultation with the Indian leaders, laid the foundations of Indian National Union but it was postponed due to an outbreak of plague in. The administrative system was corrupt, inefficient and oppressive. Gokhale was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and founder of the Servants of India Society. They attempted to regenerate Indian society in all fields of life and enlighten British public opinion and parliament concerning Indian affairs. Demand for wider powers for the councils and training in self-government.
Their suggestions were adopted by the British Government which resulted in the passing of the Indian Council Act of 1909. They did not have faith in passing resolutions, sending delegates or submitting petitions. John Morley, the Secretary of State at London and Lord Minto, the Viceroy of India had suggested certain steps to check the growing discontentment among the Indians. Dominion status for India was the main feature of the Nehru Report. The Early Nationalists wanted to convey their feelings to the government, so as to gradually bring the authorities around to their viewpoint. Congress iscredited with securing independence for India and since then 7prime ministers of India belonged to this party. The nationalists agitated for the improvement in the conditions of work of the plantations.
Defence of Civil Rights The early Indian nationalists were attracted to modern civil rights, namely, the freedoms of speech, the Press, thought and association. Their programmes and policies championed the cause of all sections of the Indian people and represented nation-wide interests against colonial exploitation. With members of the group drawn from educated middle-class professionals including lawyers, teachers and government officials, many of them were educated in England. The Congress Working Committee, consisting of senior party leaders, was in charge of important decisions. They were tired of British rule and British control of Indian money. This helped in generating anti-imperialist sentiments among the public. These sessions spelled out the party programs and discussed measures to be taken in the ongoing struggle against British rule.
He spent a major part of his life in Britain. It held its sessions all over India once a year, usually in the month of December. Das Formation of Swaraj Party 1923 — Kakinada — Maulana Muhammad Ali 1924 — Belgaum — Mahatma Gandhi 1925 — Kanpur — Mrs. Moderates believed in cooperation and reconciliation. He got in touch with prominent Indian leaders and organized with their cooperation the first session of the Indian National Congress at Bombay in December 1885.
Oxford History of the British Empire: The Nineteenth Century. Annie Besant who had joined the Congress, established a Home Rule League at London in 1914. After the Tenancy Bill was passed in 1885, the mass meetings were used by leaders of the Indian Association to lecture peasants on the desirability of elective legislatures for the country. Dutt was a historian cum economist. Dominion status for India was the main feature of the Nehru Report.
But most of the elected members were elected indirectly, by the provincial councils in the case of the Imperial Council and by municipal committees and district boards in the case of provincial councils. And the failure of the Moderates to do anything constructive brought forth new trends within the Congress. The organisation gradually grew larger. Removal of poverty by the rapid development of agriculture and modern industries. Goods from British factories were boycotted, and the use of swadeshi was advocated. All of these were a part of The Theosophical Society which is an organization formed in 1875 to advance the spiritual … principles and search for Truth. These achievements served as the basis for nationalist movements in later years by extremist leaders.
Attitude of the Government The Indian National Congress was founded with the help and blessings of the British Government in general and the Viceroy Lord Dufferin. A resolution of the 1893 allowing for simultaneous examination for the in London and India. No one man or group of man can be given the credit for creating this movement. The British did not accept the congress demand of complete independence, and Gandhi was arrested in January 1932 after returning to India. They followed a policy of granting minor concessions to put down the growth of nationalism.
For this purpose, a British committee of the Indian National Congress was established in London in 1899 which had India as its organ. They never preached violence against the government, rather suggested to withdraw the co-operation of the people from the government. To protect the Indian economy, the moderates asked the government to stop draining off wealth from India, reduce the land revenue, abolish- salt tax, promote modern industries and to protect trade by imposing import and export duties. Their political and economic programmes established the idea that India must be ruled in the interest of the Indians. But gradually, the middle classes, the farmers and the workers also became a part of it and the national movement.