While the handbook still describes how to cite sources, it is organized according to the process of documentation, rather than by the sources themselves. Since then, the number of private correctional facility firms has grown to 14 Austin and Coventry 3. Readers of your work will not only look at your citations to understand them, but to possibly explore them as well. Works are now published in a dizzying range of formats. Write these personnel names in normal order — do not reverse the first and last names. Instructors often ask that the header is omitted from the first page. Examples: Zhai, Xiaojuan, and Jingjing Wang.
All paraphrases include references, similar to direct quotes. You may employ whatever system of formatting that works best for you so long as it remains consistent throughout the document. One way to prevent plagiarism is to add citations in your project where appropriate. It should properly attribute any ideas, paraphrases, or direct quotations to your source, and should direct readers to the entry in the list of works cited. It also shows that you were able to locate appropriate and reputable sources that helped back up your thesis or claim. To cite a fairy tale book in its entirety, cite it as this: Colfer, Chris.
The top of the first page of a works-cited list. In-Text Citations: When using a direct quote or paraphrasing information from a source, add an in-text citation into the body of your work. If your in-text citation comes from a website or another source that does not have page numbers, use the following abbreviations: If the source has designated: - paragraph numbers, use par. For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container. If your instructor requires you to create a standalone title page, ask him or her for specifications.
When you write your research paper, depending on the field of your study, you need to follow a specific format. Once you become familiar with the core elements that should be included in each entry in the Works Cited list, you will be able to create documentation for almost any type of source. Many prefer that a paper be secured with a simple paper or binder clip, which can be easily removed and restored. Related Writing Links Dennis G. This part can be tedious and tricky; leave yourself plenty of time to do it. For instance, your professor may require you to write your outline in full sentences or that you include your working thesis statement.
Just as football referees dress a certain way, and Japanese chefs cook a certain way, writers in certain disciplines follow a certain set of conventions. While spell checks are beneficial, they do not always spot every mistake, so make sure you take the time to read through the assignment carefully. Other contributors Many sources have people, besides the author, who contribute to the source. You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix. Since most websites begin with this prefix, it is not necessary to include it in the citation.
Example: She rented out the beach house from May through September. Format for Versions: Sources can come in different versions. Begin the citation with the name of the speaker. Spelling checkers and usage checkers are helpful when used with caution. Next to the abbreviation Ex. Reuse part of your thesis statement. Regarding dates, you will spell out the name of the months in the in-text citations, but will abbreviate them on the Work Cited page with the exception of May, June, and July.
The ultimate goal of a research project is to have your voice and research merged together as one. The information included above and below any images or table should be double spaced, similar to the rest of the project or paper. The Promise of Reason: Studies in the New Rhetoric. It considers the long established rule of the essay structure, which recommends writing three body paragraphs along the paper to support the idea of the research, but it is not mandatory. Released in April of 2016, this citation format is much different than previous versions. Times New Roman is the most common font style used, although Arial is also acceptable.
If the citation is long in length, and rolls onto a second or third line, the lines below the first line are indented half an inch from the left margin. Block quotes show the reader that they are about to read a lengthy amount of text from another source. Citations are included in the body of a project when you add a quote into your project. Pay special attention to the works cited page. Full Citations: All sources used for a project are found on the Works Cited list, which is generally the last item in a project. Publication date The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source.
However, your instructor may require you to single-space your paper. Items in a list are formatted in horizontal order, rather than the traditional vertical style. Do not fold the top left corner down to secure the pages together. These citations are found directly after the information that was borrowed and are very brief in order to avoid becoming distracted while reading a project. For over half a century, it has been widely adopted for classroom instruction and used throughout the world by scholars, journal publishers, and academic and commercial presses. We can now obtain information through apps, advertisements, Tweets, other social media posts, and many other creative ways.