Macarthurs farewell speech to congress. MacArthur's Farewell Speech to Congress 2019-02-08

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American Rhetoric: General Douglas MacArthur

macarthurs farewell speech to congress

The tragedy of Korea is further heightened by the fact that its military action is confined to its territorial limits. It points to no single instance where this end has justified that means, where appeasement has led to more than a sham peace. But in the evening of my memory, always I come back to West Point. Here are centered the hopes and aspirations and faith of the entire human race. While I was not consulted prior to the President's decision to intervene in support of the Republic of Korea, that decision from a military standpoint, proved a sound one, as we -- as I said, proved a sound one, as we hurled back the invader and decimated his forces. And like the old soldier of that ballad, I now close my military career and just fade away, an old soldier who tried to do his duty as God gave him the light to see that duty.

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Douglas Macarthur: Farewell to Congress.

macarthurs farewell speech to congress

Our victory was complete and our objectives within reach when Red China intervened with numerically superior ground forces. There is little of the ideological concept either one way or another in the Chinese mecca. But when I think of his patience under adversity, of his courage under fire, and of his modesty in victory, I am filled with an emotion of admiration I cannot put into words. Truman on April 11, 1951. This created a new war and an entirely new situation, a situation not contemplated when our forces were committed against the North Korean invaders; a situation which called for new decisions in the diplomatic sphere to permit the realistic adjustment of military strategy. He was unable to protect Philippines and he was directed to escape to Australia, where he became the supreme commander of Southwest Pacific theatre.

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American Rhetoric: General Douglas MacArthur

macarthurs farewell speech to congress

They have chosen to risk death rather than slavery. That salient proved not an outpost of strength but an avenue of weakness along which the enemy could and did attack. We could hold in Korea by constant maneuver and in an approximate area where our supply line advantages were in balance with the supply line disadvantages of the enemy, but we could hope at best for only an indecisive campaign with its terrible and constant attrition upon our forces if the enemy utilized its full military potential. From the very start workable methods were found in so far as individual citizens were concerned, but the mechanics of an instrumentality of larger international scope have never been successful. For entertaining these views, all professionally designed to support our forces committed to Korea and to bring hostilities to an end with the least possible delay and at a saving of countless American and Allied lives, I have been severely criticized in lay circles, principally abroad, despite my understanding that from a military standpoint the above views have been fully shared in the past by practically every military leader concerned with the Korean campaign, including our own Joint Chiefs of Staff. The problem basically is theological and involves a spiritual recrudescence, an improvement of human character that will synchronize with our almost matchless advances in science, art, literature, and all material and cultural developments of the past two thousand years. As I say, it proved a sound one, as we hurled back the invader and decimated his forces.

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April 19, 1951

macarthurs farewell speech to congress

The speech is very famous and highly popular among the American audience. I know of no nation more serene, orderly, and industrious nor in which higher hopes can be evertained for future constructive service in the advance of the human race. Long exploited by the so-called colonial powers, with little opportunity to achieve any degree of social justice, individual dignity, or a higher standard of life such as guided our own noble administration in the Philippines, the peoples of Asia found their opportunity in the war just past to throw off the shackles of colonialism and now see the dawn of new opportunity, a heretofore unfelt dignity, and the self-respect of political freedom. You cannot appease or otherwise surrender to communism in Asia without simultaneously undermining our efforts to halt its advance in Europe. I called for reinforcements, but was informed that reinforcements were not available. On this date, General Douglas MacArthur delivered his famous farewell address to a of Congress, arguing for a tougher course against Communist China in prosecuting the Korean War. I can think of no greater expression of defeatism.

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American Rhetoric: General Douglas MacArthur

macarthurs farewell speech to congress

Therefore, we will take into account all factors to critically evaluate the speech and find out what makes it important. I can think of no greater expression of defeatism. A quarter million persons filled the National Mall and the route from the Washington Monument to the Capitol, to cheer the war hero. Their pre-war way of life pitifully low is infinitely lower now in the devastation left in war's way. Two years later he took command of all Allied forces in the Pacific, and when the Japanese surrendered in 1945, he became sole administrator of the occupation government in Japan.

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General Douglas Macarthur's Farewell Address to Congress...

macarthurs farewell speech to congress

By the grace of Almighty God our forces stand again on Philippine soil — soil consecrated in the blood of our two peoples. Of the nations of the world, Korea alone, up to now, is the sole one which has risked its all against communism. Or visit us on or General Douglas MacArthur's Farewell Speech Given to the Corps of Cadets at West Point May 12, 1962 General Westmoreland, General Groves, distinguished guests, and gentlemen of the Corps. The intensification of our economic blockade against China. Such an eventuality would at once threaten the freedom of the Philippines and the loss of Japan and might well force our western frontier back to the coast of California, Oregon, and Washington.


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General Douglas Macarthur's Farewell Address to Congress...

macarthurs farewell speech to congress

Such decisions have not been forthcoming. It has been said in effect that I was a warmonger. He addressed these ideas with strong tone and used incredible amount of dictions… 717 Words 3 Pages George Washington and the Farewell Address As the first president to guide, lead and protect what was very much a youthful, vulnerable, hopeful and energetic nation, George Washington will always hold a special and inalienable place in the minds and hearts of all Americans. I made clear that if not permitted to destroy the enemy built-up bases north of the Yalu, if not permitted to utilize the friendly Chinese force of some six hundred thousand men on Formosa, if not permitted to blockade the China coast to prevent the Chinese Reds from getting succor from without, and if there were to be no hope of major reinforcements, the position of the command from the military standpoint forbade victory. This is a military estimate as to which I have yet to find a military leader who will take exception.


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Douglas MacArthur

macarthurs farewell speech to congress

I made clear that if not permitted to destroy the enemy built-up bases north of the Yalu, if not permitted to utilize the friendly Chinese force of some six hundred thousand men on Formosa, if not permitted to blockade the China coast to prevent the Chinese Reds from getting succor from without, and if there were to be no hope of major reinforcements, the position of the command from the military standpoint forbade victory. That it may be counted upon to wheel a profoundly beneficial influence over the course of events in Asia is a tested by the magnificent manner in which the Japanese people have met the recent challenge of war, unrest, and confusion surrounding them from the outside and Czech communism within their own frontiers without the slightest slacking in the forward progress. The Communist threat is a global one. Here are centered the hopes and aspirations and faith of the entire human race. What the peoples strive for is the opportunity for a little more food in their stomachs, a little better clothing on their backs, a little firmer roof over their heads, and the realization of the normal nationalist urge for political freedom. It has been said, in effect, that I was a warmonger.

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MacArthur's Farewell to West Point

macarthurs farewell speech to congress

That salient proved not an outpost of strength but an avenue of weakness along which the enemy could and did attack. There are those who claim our strength is inadequate to protect on both fronts, that we cannot divide our effort. The results fully justified my faith. Our strategic frontier then shifted to embrace the entire Pacific Ocean, which became a vast moat to protect us as long as we held it. MacArthur reflected on the soldiers he led in both world wars and Korea and the conditions they endured.

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General Douglas MacArthur's Farewell Speech to West Point

macarthurs farewell speech to congress

In the five or more billions of years the scientists tell us it has taken to form the earth, in the three or more billion years of development of the human race, there has never been a greater, a more abrupt or staggering evolution. Mustering half of the earth's population, and 60 percent of its natural resources these peoples are rapidly consolidating a new force, both moral and material, with which to raise the living standard and erect adaptations of the design of modern progress to their own distinct cultural environments. At the turn of the century, under the regime of Chang Tso Lin, efforts toward greater homogeneity produced the start of a nationalist urge. Like blackmail, it lays the basis for new and successively greater demands until, as in blackmail, violence becomes the only other alternative. And like the old soldier of that ballad, I now close my military career and just fade away, an old soldier who tried to do his duty as God gave him the light to see that duty.

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