Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address is the focus of this lesson, but students will not read it until the end of the activity. Neither anticipated that the cause of the conflict might cease with or even before the conflict itself should cease. With high hope for the future, no prediction in regard to it is ventured. Grant's promotion to general in chief of the Union military and how his coordinated strategy spelled the beginning of the end of the Civil War. Thus, it is far from unexpected for an American politician to draw on Christian values and ideals in a political address. Lincoln, the escort being composed of the Union Light Guard. Sherman, bringing the news that his troops had captured Atlanta the previous day.
If students become stuck, post words and phrases and discuss as a whole class what they might mean. In little more than a month, the President would be assassinated. Both read the same Bible and pray to the same God, and each invokes His aid against the other. They didn't appreciate being reminded that no one knew when the war would end. The Almighty has His own purposes.
In the highly emotional environment of wartime Washington, it is as if he wanted to lower anticipations. Among his seven books are The Eloquent President: A Portrait of Lincoln Through His Own Words; Liberty and Justice for All: Racial Reform and the Social Gospel 1877-1925 ; and An Unsettled Arena: Religion and the Bill of Rights co-editor. Questions for Discussion Read the document introduction, the transcript or the original document, and apply your knowledge of American history as well as evidence from the document in order to answer the questions that follow. When Lincoln introduced the Bible, early in the third paragraph, he entered new territory in presidential inaugural addresses. They could not be further from the truth.
Lincoln, resplendent in black velvet trimmed with ermine. While the inaugural address was being delivered from this place, devoted altogether to saving the Union without war, insurgent agents were in the city seeking to destroy it without war — seeking to dissolve the Union, and divide effects, by negotiation. He did not offer the North the victory speech it sought, nor did he blame alone for the evil of slavery. If we shall suppose that American Slavery is one of those offences which, in the providence of God, must needs come, but which, having continued through His appointed time, He now wills to remove, and that He gives to both North and South, this terrible war, as the woe due to those by whom the offence came, shall we discern therein any departure from those divine attributes which the believers in a Living God always ascribe to Him? Gobright, Recollection of Men and Things at Washington During the Third of a Century, p. However, if the South chose to actively take up arms against the Government, their insurrection would meet a firm and forceful response.
However, in his address Lincoln did the opposite. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. All dreaded it, all sought to avert it. To enhance student learning even further, prior to their speech-writing and if time permits, has been included with this lesson designed to provide the student with more information—aural, visual, and textual—on the context of the March 1865 address. Both parties deprecated war, but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive, and the other would accept war rather than let it perish, and the war came.
Lincoln's use of parallelism emphasizes the similarities between both parties, which ultimately are proven to be the main cause of the war. Then a statement, somewhat in detail, of a course to be pursued, seemed fitting and proper. In reading other commentaries concerning this address it seems to me that everyone concurs that this address is one of the finest speeches ever written by a president. Along with parallelism, anaphora also plays a large role within Lincoln's comparisons of the two parties. His second inauguration speech is now part of the Lincoln Memorial. Note: Is it significant that Lincoln presents his providential interpretation of the war as a supposition and not as a demonstrable fact? Lee's endorsement, the measure passed in early March 1865, but was never enacted. It incorporates many of the themes of the religious revivals: sin, sacrifice, and redemption.
What would it be like to write an inaugural address, if you were a newly re-elected president who was presiding over the end of a Civil War that had cost the country around 600,000 deaths during four agonizing years? Much had been accomplished by March 1865, but Lincoln outlined the work left to be done both militarily and socially. To ensure each student has completed their assigned section, be sure individual graphic organizers are complete before moving on to group and whole-class discussion. It made my heart jump. Does Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address qualify as an apology? Religion was very important to many citizens of that time, so. Now Lincoln would be the first president inaugurated for a second term in thirty-two years.
The Almighty has His own purposes. To strengthen, perpetuate, and extend this interest was the object for which the insurgents would rend the Union even by war, while the Government claimed no right to do more than to restrict the territorial enlargement of it. Grant was driving Robert E. Now, at the expiration of four years, during which public declarations have been constantly called forth on every point and phase of the great contest which still absorbs the attention and engrosses the energies of the nation, little that is new could be presented. All knew that this interest was, somehow, the cause of the war. Students will use an open compare and contrast graphic organizer to analyze those challenges and identify similarities and differences in the two addresses as well as categories of differences. Ask them to write one adjective on the paper that describes the tone sad, happy, focused, etc.
In it, the President answered three questions that were weighing on the minds of his listeners: 'What is the war really about? Both parties deprecated war, but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive, and the other would accept war rather than let it perish, and the war came. With high hope for the future, no prediction in regard to it is ventured. Both read the same Bible, and pray to the same God; and each invokes His aid against the other. Instead they blame the vanquished. Sharpshooters were on the rooftops surrounding the ceremony. Then a statement somewhat in detail of a course to be pursued seemed fitting and proper.
MacMillan Information Now Encyclopedia: The Confederacy. With high hope for the future, no prediction in regard to it is ventured. The whole proceeding was wonderfully quiet, earnest, and solemn. The President was already at the Capitol, busily engaged in signing bills. Parallelism is used to give common qualities among the North and South.