Kemmerich was Paul's childhood friend and had his leg amputated because a shell hit his thigh, but his wound was already infected and he ended up being the first to die. The author also manages to realistically capture Baumer's emotions during the battle. An Intellignet, Speculative young man, Kropp is one of Pauls closest friends during the war. Chapter 1 Summary The chapter begins with German soldiers at rest after fourteen days of fierce battle on the Western Front. When Himmelstoss tries to make them obey him, they stand up to him.
The friends then discuss the stupid futility of war. Ginger The company cook who closely guards the food from the hungry soldiers. Baumer thinks that coming home may have been a mistake. The cook, however, says that he can only distribute food for eighty; but the soldiers argue and overrule him. Albert Kropp Another of Baumer's classmates who joins the infantry. Baumer watches as Franz Wachter dies of a septic wound.
Gerald Duval The French soldier who lands in Baumer's shell hole. The old classmates talk about how they had idolized Kantorek while they were in school; now they hate him, blaming him for their misery. The next day he tells Kat and Kropp about Gerald Duval. Since he is trusted by his students, he is directly responsible for Baumer and his friends enlisting in the infantry. He knows that he will never again be the same man; he will be haunted throughout his life by the brutality and loss he has seen.
Another comrade, after falling into a pit of poison gas, is carried off by the medics to a slow, painful death; the medics had appeared before Kat could put him out of his misery. He was also a classmate of our narrator, Paul B ä umer. When it is time for Baumer's company to retreat, there are only thirty-two men, out of one hundred and fifty, who return to the rear line. The description of calm domestic life in a small German town is a stark and intentional contrast to the horrors of war described in the previous chapter. In October 1918, Paul, recently returned from two weeks' leave to recover from poisonous gas, is killed on a quiet day, shortly before armistice ends the war. There he finds out that Kat is dead. As the shelling continues, more and more corpses are thrown out of their coffins and into the graveyard, and more soldiers are wounded or killed.
He is a young man with a wife and a farm at home; he is constantly homesick for his far and family. On the way, Kat is hit again, this time in the head. The novel itself proved super controversial after it was published because of its graphic, honest portrayal of trench warfare along the Western Front. Kropp believes that the war has permanently ruined them; he fears that after the war, they will be good for nothing. One day Detering, one of Baumer's few remaining friends, sees a cherry tree in full blossom. Paul, who is also wounded, is granted leave. In spite of the pain, Kemmerich frets that his watch has been stolen by someone in the medical facility.
Himmelstoss is used as an example; before the war, he was a lowly mailman. The fight would begin with artillery bombardment. Like chapters 1 and 3, this section is about life, living, and friendship and serves as a bridge between two bleak chapters. His relationship with his parents has weakened further, and he has no time for girlfriends or fun. .
Late in the film, the turmoil and wretchedness of the main character, Paul Baumer, is manifested in his extreme disassociation while home on furlough. Baumer again admits his misery in this chapter. Baumer identifies with these youth in their ill-fitting uniforms; he feels as lost as they do. He is a propagandist who glorifies war and the German cause. After killing him, Baumer realizes that the enemy is just another frightened soldier, just like he is.
One side would move forward, only to be repulsed by the enemy. One of Paul's c;ass,ates wjp serves with paul in the Second Company. One by one, practically all of Paul's other schoolmate friends die, one way or another. They listen to the painful moans of horses that are wounded. In truth, Baumer and his friends resent all authority at this point in their lives; the brutality of war that they have experienced has caused them to lose faith in the older adult generation. Baumer also learns that Kantorek, his former teacher, is fighting in the war as an ordinary soldier; ironically, he was assigned to the company of one of his former students, Commander Mittelstaedt. Near the trenches, there are colorful butterflies flying about; and the stack of new coffins is placed against a schoolhouse, where young children once went to learn about life.
Once during the novel, Baumer goes home on leave, but the setting quickly reverts to the war front. This shows what Paul would want for himself, a death that means no suffering and a fast end. At dawn, a truck returns the men to their billets. He again vows to crusade against war in the future. After he experiences the horrors of trench warfare, however, he tries to make amends with them.
When Baumer arrives at the station, Kat is already dead. Corporal Himmelstoss A drillmaster and a bully. He carries Kat to an aid station to be treated for a shin wound. In fact Remarque makes a reference to the fact that Baumer's generation will become the lost generation, never fully recovering from the emptiness and devastation of the war. As the chapter begins, Baumer has been given a two-week period of rest because he has been sick with gas poisoning. Along the way, Kat is hit again and dies.