The Federalists focused their arguments on the lack of the quality in national government under the Articles of. Madison stated that in a new and potentially democratic nation such as the United States hoped to be,. The biggest factions will always dominate, and there would be no way to protect the weaker ones against an obnoxious individual or strong majority gradesaver. Shall domestic manufactures be encouraged, and in what degree, by restrictions on foreign manufactures? James Madison stated that to eliminate factions would be to eliminate liberty, but that liberty is as crucial to factions as air is to fire. If this principle were strictly followed, it would mean that the citizens should select the president, the legislators, and the judges.
Bill C-10 was introduced by the Minister of Justice on the 20th of September 2011. Each branch should be, in Madison's opinion, mostly independent. So strong is this propensity of mankind to fall into mutual animosities, that where no substantial occasion presents itself, the most frivolous and fanciful distinctions have been sufficient to kindle their unfriendly passions and excite their most violent conflicts. In the next place, as each representative will be chosen by a greater number of citizens in the large than in the small republic, it will be more difficult for unworthy candidates to practice with success the vicious arts by which elections are too often carried; and the suffrages of the people being more free, will be more likely to centre in men who possess the most attractive merit and the most diffusive and established characters. Different interests necessarily exist in different classes of citizens. The bill also introduces eliminating conditional sentences and eliminates double credit for time already served as well as introduces changes to the Youth Criminal Justice Act to impose harsher sentences for young offenders.
This is one reason the Constitutional Convention was a remarkable event. The Federalist Papers consist of 85 essays showing how the new government would work and why the type of government was the best choice for the United States of America. It was philosophical and scientific in the best tradition of the Enlightenment. The instability, injustice, and confusion introduced into the public councils, have, in truth, been the mortal diseases under which popular governments have everywhere perished; as they continue to be the favorite and fruitful topics from which the adversaries to liberty derive their most specious declamations. The Anti-federalists also characterized a national or central government as a step away from democratic goals, fought for during the Revolutionary War and a step towards monarchy or aristocracy rule Net Industries, 2009.
Extend the sphere, and you take in a greater variety of parties and interests; you make it less probable that a majority of the whole will have a common motive to invade the rights of other citizens; or if such a common motive exists, it will be more difficult for all who feel it to discover their own strength, and to act in unison with each other. The Anti-Federalists feared that the Constitution gave the president too much power and that the proposed Congress would be too higher-class in nature; with too few representatives for too many people. Men with more talent or ability tend to possess more land than those who were less gifted. Ratification by the states was by no means a fore gone conclusion in 1887. In our country, the authority to govern comes from the entire society.
He wanted to avoid a situation in which any one group controlled the decisions of a society. Publius states that we must find an alternative way to control factions and he explains how the constitution will do that. Before the ratification of the Constitution, the central government under the Articles of Confederations was very weak and in jeopardy of falling apart. A representative government is needed in larger countries to protect against the rule of a mob gradesaver. It will not be denied that the representation of the Union will be most likely to possess these requisite endowments. The first solution is to remove the causes of faction, which can be accomplished by destroying liberty or creating a society with unified opinions.
The facile domination of faction had been a commonplace in English politics for a hundred years, as Whig and Tory vociferously sought to fasten the label on each other. The states farthest from the center of the country will be most endangered by these foreign countries; they may find it inconvenient to send representatives long distances to the capitol, but in terms of safety and protection they stand to gain the most from a strong national government. If the new plan of government is adopted, Madison hopes that the men elected to office will be wise and good men, the best of America. The Anti-Federalists also shared the feeling that so large a country as the United States could not possibly be controlled by one national government. Madison had found the answer to Montesquieu.
There are those, Charles Beard for example, who oppose Madison's, as well as all of the Fathers of the Constitution's, opinions and claim that they were motivated by self-interests, rather than the welfare of the people when creating the Constitution. He had also found in embryonic form his own theory of the extended federal republic. The mistrust was the foundation of their opposition to the constitution. The Conflict between Federalists and Anti-Federalists The Conflict between Federalists and Anti-Federalists While the anti-Federalists believed the Constitution and formation of a National Government would lead to a monarchy or aristocracy, the Federalists vision of the country supported the belief that a National Government based on the Articles of the Confederation was inadequate to support an ever growing and expanding nation. They saw no sense in throwing out the existing government.
Remove their causes, and control their effects gradesaver. Pure or direct democracies countries in which all the citizens participate directly in making the laws cannot possibly control factious conflicts. It is in vain to say that enlightened statesmen will be able to adjust these clashing interests, and render them all subservient to the public good. Words: 1128 - Pages: 5. The smaller the society, the fewer probably will be the distinct parties and interests composing it; the fewer the distinct parties and interests, the more frequently will a majority be found of the same party; and the smaller the number of individuals composing a majority, and the smaller the compass within which they are placed, the more easily will they concert and execute their plans of oppression. Representative government is needed in large countries, not to protect the people from the tyranny of the few, but to guard against the rule of the mob.