The function of endogamy is probably to regulate marriage in a way that preserves the cultural identity of a group. Statistical analyses show that levels of homogamy vary according to strength of party political identification, parental homogamy, age, and marital status. Endogamy can serve as a form of ; it helps a community to resist integrating and completely merging with surrounding populations. It is often done in order to reinforce geographical boundaries. Exogamy: It is a rule of marriage in which an individual has to marry outside his own group. It helps minorities to survive over a long time as distinct communities within societies with other practices and beliefs. Anuloma marriage: It is a marriage under which a man can marry from his own caste or from those below, but a woman can marry only in her caste or above.
In caste endogamy marriage has to take place within the caste. Endogamy and exogamy are the two main rules that condition marital choice. The spatial dimension has been underexposed in research on recent marriage patterns. Then there are certain relations which are not to b e married, but the degree of nearness differs from community to community. Orthogamy: It is the marriage between selected groups. Forms of exogamy: Gotra Exogamy: The Hindu practice of one marrying outside one's own gotra. The study compared marital stability in Finland with focus on the two language groups.
A man must not only seek a wife out of his own clan, but also must avoid the clans of all the grandparents. Population genetics Further information: and The practices of endogamy may lead to a group's extinction rather than its survival, as genetic diseases may develop that can affect a larger percentage of the population. Types There are four well-known types of endogamy: village, lineage, caste, and class. The divorce rate was remarkably lower among the Swedish-speaking minority than among the Finnish-speaking majority. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. Rules of Exogamy and Endogamy In all the cultures and societies marriage is not entirely of free choice because the institution of marriage is socially derived and socially sanctioned.
Brahmin has to marry a Brahmin. Lastly, class endogamies are like castes in that they separate according to wealth, status, or other criteria. Endogamy can serve as a form of ; it helps a community to resist integrating and completely merging with surrounding populations. Term Endogamy Definition requires people to marry or have sexual relations within a certain group. Isogamy: It is the marriage between two equals status Anisogamy: It is an asymmetric marriage alliance between two individuals belonging to different social statuses.
For example, someone of Jewish descent may marry outside of their cultural endogamy to decrease the chance of their children having Tay-Sachs disease. Exogamy may be seen more in groups or clans who have strongly identified with keeping the lineage of their mother maternal or their father paternal. Endogamous caste marriages are supported, reinforced and rationalized by ritual explanations that are in turn manifest in everyday behavioral patterns. Endogamy is common in many cultures and ethnic groups. Lineage endogamy refers to marriage between the people from the same lineage.
Lastly, class endogamies are like castes in that they separate according to wealth, status, or other criteria. This is known as exogamy i. This requirement was created to keep health, culture, and ethnicity within cultural groups. Exogamy is when a person marries outside of their social group or class. Some societies are very liberal with enforcing endogamy, while others have very rigid and punitive rules if endogamy is not followed. It is often done in order to reinforce geographical boundaries. Endogamy is the practice of within a specific , , or , rejecting others on such basis as being unsuitable for marriage or other close personal relationships.
The isolationist practices of endogamy may lead to a group's extinction rather than its survival, as genetic diseases may develop that can affect a larger percentage of the population. Concepts of physical pollution are related to the caste endogamy. To what extent are partners spatially homogamous in the Netherlands? A hypothesis that marital homogamy rather than heterogamy reduces the divorce rate found support only with respect to the language of the spouses but not with respect to level of education or age. Some exogamous people choose to marry outside their group. Going back to school of one partner while the other works. Endogamy has been common among and historical , , , and.
Brahmin has to marry a Brahmin. Biologists have devoted much attention to assortative mating or homogamy, but not. Cultural Exogamy Cultural exogamy has origins in groups or classes trying to maintain the survival of family lineage. Attitudes towards homogamy are shown to vary with age. Village Exogamy: Many Indian tribes like Naga,Garo,Munda etc have the practice of marrying outside their village. It also means feeling and thinking like a couple. Endogamy is also called in-marriage and is the custom of marrying within one's cultural group or clan.