The California Biomedical Research Association states that nearly every medical breakthrough in the last 100 years has resulted directly from research using animals. As it helped produce medicines for humans, it is also the same with animals. Opponents argue that there is really no evidence of its vital role in major medical advances. In fact, there are tests done, without products actually put into use. Reptiles, amphibians, fish, rats, and mice make up about 85% of the testing population in any given year. Also, they feel that they are safeguarding the environment through the method.
In California, a monkey bred at the University of California, Riverside, had the lids of his eyes sewn shut and a heavy device was lodged onto his head. Do the benefits of testing cosmetics on animals truly outweigh the tremendous cost that we are taking on as a society? But, you can't compare that with the months of torture the animals go through while the experiments are on. About 99% of the human genes are similar to that of the chimpanzees as well as a few other monkeys. Chimpanzees share about 90% of their genetic make up with humans. Humane Society International compared a variety of animal tests with their in vitro counterparts and found animal tests were more expensive in every scenario studied. Animals results cannot be reliable to the fullest: Though animal physiology is similar to humans, not all the studies can be extrapolated to humans. The situation is much worse when an animal is harmed or even killed to test out a product that never contributed anything positive to mankind, and unfortunately this does happen.
It causes death of animals. Living systems like human beings and animals are extremely complex. If this is done directly on humans without before testing on animals, it could be disastrous. Further, they were also sent to space, , etc. Animals are just suffering and dying in vain by being subjects in dangerous tests that do not even have direct human benefits. Loss of animal life doesn't just occur when the experiments fail, but also occurs otherwise as most of these animals are euthanized after the purpose is served. It requires a substantial amount of money for sufficient funding.
Indeed, animal experimentation offers some benefits, where medical treatments have been developed through it, but it also comes with significant problems, with those related to ethics being the biggest, which need to be carefully addressed. Another case was that involving the arthritis drug Vioxx, which showed to protect the hearts of mice, yet went on to be the cause of tens of thousands of heart attacks and sudden cardiac deaths before it was pulled from the market. It is still possible that animals receive inhumane treatment. Animals however, are never asked for their opinion and have never had their rights safeguarded. Insulin causes animal birth defects, but it saves lives every day. The blood vessels of animals are dispersed much differently, and reach differently than humans would. Let's see some of these animal testing pros that makes proponents of animal experimentation argue for use of animals in research.
Animals are suffering and dying in vain by being used in dangerous tests that do not directly lead to any human benefits. This article highlights the controversy surrounding the topic of animal testing. Animal testing is actually not cheap, considering that it is costly to provide care, food and shelter for the animals being subject to tests. The price of killing off animal testing. Have a help revise and edit! During clinical trials, human subjects are procured to make the final test before releasing drug into market. To satisfy the requirements of the testing process, animals may be force-fed, deprived of food or water for lengthy periods of time, or physically restrained against their will. Also, they feel that the method is allowing them to safeguard the environment.
It aids in improving human health. There is also the possibility that poor research practices could create false positive data that could then place human lives at risk. Aside from this, animal experimentation helped keep some endangered species from becoming extinct. Replacement: Implies that non-animal methods should be preferred over the usage of conscious animals, without affecting the purpose of the study. Researchers are relying more and more on other methods as technology has improved and social awareness has increased, and that could be due to the cons involved. Animal testing allows the developers of products to conduct trial and error and learn more about how to provide the consumer with the best possible goods and services. Talk and spread the word to ensure that people refrain from using such products.
Some of them cannot be grown in labs and have to obtained purely from nature. Now, scientists argue that testing cosmetics on animals before introducing them to the public is needed for the process, or people would be exposed to products that are potentially harmful. Pros of Animal Testing To decide whether animal testing is beneficial or not, it is best that you start learning its positive sides first like the following: Treatments Developed Have Saved Lives Animals are the most common subject of medical testing. In this test, human tissues are examined in test tubes, in order to study the side effects of cosmetic products. It passes drugs that are not necessarily safe. Morris in 1895 in surgical procedures on women, yet history credits the discovery to Emil Knauer who reproduced the procedure in rabbits in 1896.
It would involve performing unnecessary tests. Discriminating against animals because they do not have the cognitive ability, language, or moral judgment that humans do is no more justifiable than discriminating against human beings with severe mental impairments. Hence those drugs which are found to be effective in humans are again tested on animals for confirmation of activity. This is certainly true considering the sleeping pill thalidomide in the 1950s, which caused severe deformities to thousands of babies being born. If one assumes that human life is more valuable than animal life, then performing experiments on animals makes sense because it offers the chance to explore how the various living systems within a body may react when exposed to a test sample.
This is a government website, and thus, the information is reliable. Ex: Frogs and toads which have interesting behavior of hibernation makes them difficult to be grown in labs. Unless the product being tested is made for public consumption, detractors do not see the need for animal testing. Animals are protected from abuse and mistreatment Contrary to what most opponents believe, animal research is highly regulated, with laws enacted to protect animals. The lives of human volunteers must not be endangered when testing medicines for side effects or potential toxicity. Also, treatments that were developed using animals for testing include those for glaucoma, hip dysplasia and pacemakers for heart disease.