Baron Bragg -- historian, journalist and novelist -- is Controller of Arts for London Weekend Television. One the one hand Catherine was known as a great patron of the arts and literature. Catherine further achieved this goal by creating theater buildings, training academies and repertories. Some of the true story would be uncovered, while other fragments of it would remain hidden beneath the surface never to be revealed. They did discuss cultural matters in the year 1772, which suggests that Catherine wanted to distract Voltaire from her recent. Catherine the Great of Russia was one such leader. Modern methods of breeding sheep and cattle, along with scientific horse breeding, were also introduced and promoted.
It did not help that Peter opted to keep the Russians uneducated-he viewed ignorance as a means of suppressing ingenuity that could inspire rebellion 71. The Modernisation of Russia 1676—1825. However, his father insisted he study military and political matters. She preferred hired labor in industry, lowered internal tariffs and custom duties, and did not support monopolies. The critics viewed her reign as a defence of the ruling class's interest and an oppression of the peasantry.
Her understanding and appreciation of the Enlightenment movement lead her to commission a review of this new theory in governing and to outline policies which could promote the future of the Russian people. A true empress of thought. It's all free - no fees, no charges. The Senate possessed no legislative powers. Under Catherine, serfdom expanded and became more firmly entrenched.
So, e … ssentially the monarchs called themselves enlightened despots to gain public appeal, but they were not enlightened despots- it's impossible to be one. I became intrigued and decided to test out Hobbes theory using Catherine as an example. The hospital, a wooden house formerly owned by Alexander Glebov, started with 25 beds and three members of staff 66. Publishing music business, sales of foreign sheet music, and music lovers' periodicals flourished from the 1770s onward. By 1773, supplies from these mines were already swelling her budget.
When he sought permission to leave the country, she refused it, intending to hold him prisoner for life. By 1779, Catherine had already abolished the need for state licensing of industrial enterprises. The number of linen factories, for instance, rose from 35 in 1741 to 318 in 1799 48. With her encouragement, theater, music, and painting flourished; stimulated by her patronage, the Academy of Sciences reached new heights. For Catherine, the only way for a government to be able to carry out effective reforms was to exert absolute authority over the people 19.
Cancrin's son joined him later in Russia, where he rose to the post of Minister of Finance. For example, he reintroduced the Catholic Church to France which was a great relief to the French people, most of whom were Catholics. Early reign 1762 —1764 Catherine had ambitious plans regarding both domestic and foreign affairs. Catherine was now in the position to reform Russia's bureaucracy. Voltaire is, for Catherine, the best method of diffusing favorable information in Europe. Catherine's economic measures quickly produced remarkable results. Voltaire asked for information on Catherine's regulations, and Catherine sent Voltaire a copy of her Instructions, which he read twice.
Today, we are much more interested in the freedom of every single person and other countries are more receptive to helping the oppressed. Catherine's in , based on the French , taught upper-class girls polite manners in society and gave them a moral education. Serfs from everywhere joined the former Russian solider in a violent rebellion against the Russian government, demanding an end in serfdom, taxes, and military conscription. The state then established free, co-educational high schools and primary schools in provincial towns in 1786. Despite her impure intentions, Catherine remained a loyal and unwavering disciple of Voltaire.
She expanded the Russian Empire, improved administration, and energetically pursued the policy of Westernization the process of changing to western ideas and traditions. By the 1770s, Catherine appeared to preside over a court that was not so different from that of her fellow European rulers. The number of enterprises increased from 600—700 in 1762 to over 2,000 when her reign ended. Catherine improved the Russian economy through free trade, turned the country's bureaucracy into a more efficient one, and provided the people with social services such as education and health care. Unfortunately, she was unable to carry out the entire plan, but she did add to the number of the country's elementary and secondary schools.