Auschwitz 2 Birkenau , Treblinka, Belzec, and Sobibór began operations as death camps. Other victims included between 70,000 and 75,000 Poles, 21,000 Roma Gypsies , and about 15,000 Soviet prisoners of war. In the last week of May 1942 three small transports arrived in Belzec; on the 22 May 1,000 Jews from Tyszowce, on the 23 May 1,000 Jews from Komarow and on the 27 May 500 Jews from Laszczow. Each side of the camp measured 886 feet. In phase I, the same role had been performed by Rudolf Kamm.
These pipes with the joint were connected through the wall to a pipe that ran under the floor. A camouflage net was stretched over the roof of the building housing the gas chambers, in order to prevent aerial observation. The larger part included the spur line which carried rail trucks into the camp, an expanse where the Jewish deportees were sorted into groups of men or women and children, the barracks where they were forced to undress and were shaven, storerooms for their clothes, personal objects, etc. Industrial workers stage a pogrom. Once the trains arrived at the death camps, trucks were available to transport those who were too weak to walk directly to the gas chambers. Initially, there were three using carbon monoxide housed in a wooden building. A transport numbering 40-60 rail trucks, holding about 2-2,500 Jews, would arrive at Belzec station.
The larger part included the spur line which carried rail trucks into the camp, an expanse where the Jewish deportees were sorted into groups of men or women and children, the barracks where they were forced to undress and were shaven, storerooms for their clothes, personal objects, etc. When an exceptionally large transport of 51 wagons arrived from Kolomyja in September 1942, 2,000 bodies were found dead on arrival. The barracks swarmed with various sorts of vermin and rats. According to Veesenmayer, Hitler's plenipotentiary in Budapest, whose data is confirmed by other sources, 437,402 persons were deported from Hungary with the full cooperation of the new government, the civil service, the gendarmerie and the Jewish Council. It is certain that several hundred thousand died in the concentration camps.
And just what went on inside those walls? Probably a part of them was sent to Siedlce ghetto and from there to Treblinka. The brick buildings were erected in great haste, without suitable insulation, on marshy ground. In 1941 the government decided to reevaluate its refugee policies. The work camps in Belzec and nearby villages were abandoned in October 1940. Being in charge of the Four-Year Economic Plan, he forced the Aryanization of the economy and the intensification of the migration of Jews from Germany. After 28 minutes, only a few were still alive. Killing became a common thing, so common that a quick death was welcomed by the unfortunate ones.
As with other extermination camps, it is unlikely that a precise figure for the number of victims will ever be known. Only during a visit of the Swiss Red Cross the food was better for two days. Schmidt was one of the most sadistic of the camp's guards, as the above demonstrates. According to Wirth's annihilation scheme, the Jews themselves would carry out all physical work involved in the liquidation of each transport. After the invasion of Poland the Nazis decreed that all Jewish and Polish men must perform unpaid forced labour.
The biggest and best-known of these was at Monowitz, south of the town of Auschwitz. Kurt Gerstein, wrote a very detailed report of his visit to Belzec, Gerstein allegedly committed suicide in Fresnes Prison, just outside Paris, and his report is covered on another page. The local inhabitants scraped human fat from their windows. They would be doing metalwork or manual labour, or set to work serving the various areas of the camp. Many of these were put in wagons and sent to extermination camps.
Schwarz and Niemann supervised the gas chambers during the first phase, and Dubois or Karl Schluch in the second phase. Because of the increasing number of transports, the three existing wooden gas chambers were considered totally inadequate to deal with the number of potential victims. However, after March 1938, when the Germans annexed Austria into German territory, many thousands of German Jews were arrested and detained in Dachau, Buchenwald and Sachsenhausen concentration camps. In excess of 25,000 Jews and Roma were deported by train from Mechelen to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Women prisoners carrying out forced labour at Ravensbruck work camp, Germany. In the camp's second phase, further watchtowers were erected, including one positioned at the far end of the ramp.
. In the Harz, near the concentration camp Dora-Mittelbau, Jews worked in an underground weapons factory. Polish Christians Of the six million Poles murdered by the Nazis, half were Polish Christians. In mid-June, construction began on a brick and concrete building housing six gas chambers, each one 13 by 16 feet. The most Jews of Budapest, however, survived, albeit decimated.