Together they participated in ballooning and conducted meteorological observations in the new discipline of aerology. . It is therefore very surprising that scarcely anyone has tried to explain this law. Only later, in the context of the systematic exploration of the sea floor in the 1950s, did observations of the phenomenon of sea floor spreading prove his insights. Alfred Wegener wasn't an insider.
The established reputation of many of his detractors probably gave more weight to their criticisms than was merited. He died during his last expedition to Greenland in 1930. For example, Wegener mentioned , ancient climate similarities, fossil evidence, comparisons of rock structures and more. Wegener's theory was soon rejected because he could not propose a suitable mechanism to account for the supposed drifting of continents. During World War I Wegener worked as a meteorologist.
To do this, he sampled rock and fossils from either side of the Atlantic Ocean. In: Petermanns Mitteilungen 1912, pp. But both Galileo and Darwin had serious flaws in their theories when they were first presented. Alfred Wegener did not even present Continental Drift as a proven theory. These observers noticed these coastlines but had no easy explanation for how that could have occurred since everyone believed the continents were stationary. Travelling under frigid conditions, with temperatures as low as minus 54 °C, Wegener reached the station five weeks later.
Alfred Wegener died a few years later. Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry coast Noun edge of land along the sea or other large body of water. There didn't seem to be any transitional forms of life preceding these species. To strengthen his case he drew from the fields of geology, geography, biology and paleontology. Wegener also found that the fossils found in a certain place often indicated a climate utterly different from the climate of today: for example, fossils of tropical plants, such as ferns and cycads, are found today on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen. At the time it was thought that the traits of the parents were blended in the offspring.
The involvement of the church may have muted criticism from academics in the Catholic countries of Europe and encouraged criticism in the Protestant countries. To learn more about cookies, including how to disable them, view our. All these problems, that of the volcanos, the cyclones, the blue strips in the ice, the daily fluctuation of the barometer, the rotation in the solar system, etc. His ideas were largely ignored at the time they were developed but today they are very well accepted by the scientific community. Alfred Lothar Wegener 1880-1930 , the originator of the theory of continental drift. Wegener's ideas served as a framework for those studies. Wegener found that large-scale geological features on separated continents often matched very closely when the continents were brought together.
You can see why Wegener suspected that the continents had once been joined. This expedition was the first of four that Wegener would take to Greenland. He graduated with a Ph. Today these explanations might seem less credible than those proposed by Wegener but they did help to preserve the steady state theory. Another problem was that flaws in Wegener's original data caused him to make some incorrect and outlandish predictions: he suggested that North America and Europe were moving apart at over 250 cm per year about ten times the fastest rates seen today, and about a hundred times faster than the measured rate for North America and Europe. For most of his life, Alfred Lothar Wegener was interested in his theory of continental drift and Pangaea despite harsh criticism at the time. The clear implication is that the ridges are the sites where plates are moving apart click on the picture at the left to see a map of the age of the ocean crust.
A Science Odyssey: People and Discoveries: Alfred Wegener Alfred Wegener 1880 - 1930 Alfred Wegener was born in Berlin in 1880, where his father was a minister who ran an orphanage. While returning from a rescue expedition that brought food to a party of his colleagues camped in the middle of the Greenland icecap, he died, a day or two after his fiftieth birthday. But, unlike the others, to support his theory Wegener sought out many other lines of geologic and paleontologic evidence that these two continents were once joined. During his life, Wegener made several key contributions to meteorology: he pioneered the use of balloons to track air circulation, and wrote a textbook that became standard throughout Germany. At that time Max Planck and Albert Einstein were calling the fundamentals of modern physics into question. Alfred Wegener knew that other people had made observations of the fit of the coastlines. The continents seem to have a jigsaw fit.
Born on November 1, 1880, Alfred Lothar Wegener earned a Ph. Alfred Wegener also shares much in common with Galileo. On the return trip, Wegener became lost and it is believed that he died in November 1930. Wegener developed a much simpler hypothesis that stated perhaps the continents were all together at one point, thereby also explaining the fit of the coastline. Authorities are expert in the current view of their discipline.
At that time he held a position at the Hamburger Seewarte observatory, succeeding his father-in-law Wladimir Köppen as leader of the meteorological branch. The extreme cold turned back all but one of the 13 Greenlanders, but Wegener was determined to push on to the station, where he knew the supplies were desperately needed by Georgi and the other researchers. The most famous of the early defenses of Darwinism was not by Darwin himself but by the famous biologist, Thomas Huxley and the social philosopher, Herbert Spencer. Like others before him, Wegener had been struck by the remarkable fit of the coastlines of South America and Africa. Newly discovered exporation techniques were employed to prove this theory and ultimately, the correctness of Wegener's chief idea as well. Solving this mystery would take the work of a geologic supersleuth.