Advocates of a naturalistic ethic contend that some natural objects are morally considerable in their own right, apart from human interests. Many philosophers believe as Aristotle did that we are required, as a formal principle of justice, to treat similar cases alike except where there is some relevant difference. When ethical relativism is put into practice, it implies that a. . A psychological appeal is one that aims to persuade by appealing primarily to reason and not to human emotional needs. I see this feature as saying that there is social and economic inequalities and they may not be wrong or bad.
People who are exclusively concerned with their own interests tend to have happier and more satisfying lives than those whose desires extend beyond themselves. The civil liberties of employees have to be restricted for corporations to run efficiently. So for every extra piece of chocolate cake there would be less happiness from the previous piece. As discussed in Chapter 5, one problem with this argument is that a. To be successful any test used by a corporation must be a. What is the difference between egoism as an ethical theory and psychological egoism? Suspicious of the ability of government and bureaucrats to make good or ethical , wise, informed, and beneficial ethical, social, or economic choices for people. A common defense of capitalism is the argument that people have a fundamental moral right to property and that our capitalist system is simply the outcome of this natural right.
If a person comes into possession of a holding through a legitimate transfer, then, morally speaking, she or he deserves that holding. As stated in the… 1728 Words 7 Pages Module 2: Professional Development David M. There are four basic kinds of law: statutes, regulations, common law, and constitutional law. Also argue that government can't control everything and would promote corporations to act in shady ways to hide things. Let government do it argument: Believe that government can bring corporations to heel. Which of the following statements is true regarding human rights? It proceeds on a case-by-case basis, dealing with each company's specific circumstances. One reason for believing that in practice capitalism fails to live up to its own ideal of competition is a.
Courts at all levels and in all states now agree that employees cannot be dismissed without just cause. Because of technological breakthroughs, people living in developed countries put less strain on the environment than do people in poorer countries. Question 9 According to Shaw and Barry, utilitarians Answer focus on human well-being and ignore animal welfare. Which environmental statement is true? What are these two forms. Shaw and Cynthia DeGazon published in The Journal of Cultural Diversity and Does competency based nursing point to the death of nursing as a profession? Legal paternalism is the doctrine that the law should not be used to restrict the freedom of individuals for their own good. This is a fairly new and quickly expanding area that involves litigation, and this is an area that employers would rather avoid. How are unions relevant to business ethics? What are these two forms? One of those assumptions is that everyone has full and complete information, on the basis of which they then buy and sell.
We have so many people not living in the deontological ethic world. Some critics of capitalism believe that it rests on a flawed view of human beings because a. Name three criteria that is relevant to the fairness of tests used for hiring employees. An argument is a group of statements, one of which is claimed to follow from the others. Karl Marx believed that a.
Before the case of MacPherson v. The connection between rights and duties is that, generally speaking, if you have a right to do something, then someone else has a correlative duty to act in a certain way. Our book gives us an analogy concerning basketball player, Wilt Chamberlain that was used by Nozick. When it comes to obtaining information about employees, a key concept is a. One of the major characteristics of an organization is the shared acceptance of organizational rules by its members. Helen was the wife of King Menelaus and had attracted the attention of the Prince Priam of Troy. For the hedonistic utilitarian, knowledge, friendship, and aesthetic satisfaction are inherently good.
Robert Nozick uses the Wilt Chamberlain story to show the importance of economic re-distribution. Egoism as a psychological theory a. The authors use the murder of Kitty Genovese to illustrate a. To the libertarians, their concept of liberty includes a commitment to a. Give an example of how this can be done and whether it could ever be effective. The quarterback contact stated that he would get X amount for each ticket purchased.
What is the doctrine of caveat emptor? As a result of it, the courts a. Is Walmart a positive or negative influence on the American economy? The success of the organization during Shaw presidency was perhaps because of her social position; she had high tolerance for discord. Liberty is the prime value, and justice consists in permitting to live as he or she pleases, free from the interference of others. Free exchange is a totally free market. Libertarians reject inheritance as a legitimate means of acquiring wealth. Tampering with the ecosystem always has injurious effects.
If libertarianism is true, which of these statements is true? A normative account or assessment of something attempts to say—usually on the basis of some universal normative ethical theory or belief--whether that thing is actually good or bad, right or wrong. Socialism is an economic system characterized by public ownership of the means of production and distribution, and a planned economy. Normative ethics deals with what actually ought to be or what should be, not just what people think is so, and it attempts usually, anyway to make this universal, applying to all people, across differing beliefs and cultures. If you worked for one of the factories how would you justify the fumes? Which of the following accurately reflects the concept of Marxism? Which of the following is one of the three arguments in favor of narrow corporate social responsibility discussed in Chapter 5? Shaw and Barry distinguish two different forms of utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is appealing as a standard for moral decision making in business. He had to overcome some huge injuries, including a huge knee problem at the end of his career. Fair personnel policies and decisions must be based on criteria that are clear, job related, and a.