We all know how the war has played out and there is no reason for me to further discuss it. The shortest paragraph of the address, Lincoln kept it eloquently vague. Each looked for an easier triumph, and a result less fundamental and astounding. Second time Lincoln is taking office. What kinds of things did he include that you did not? The Almighty has His own purposes. In reading other commentaries concerning this address it seems to me that everyone concurs that this address is one of the finest speeches ever written by a president. It incorporates many of the themes of the religious revivals: sin, sacrifice, and redemption.
While the inaugural address was being delivered from this place, devoted altogether to saving the Union without war, insurgent agents were in the city seeking to destroy it without war—seeking to dissolve the Union and divide effects by negotiation. Neither anticipated that the cause of the conflict might cease with or even before the conflict itself should cease. His aim is not to castigate the Confederacy, only to end the conflict and reconcile the nation. Lincoln contemplates the effects of the war by discussing how it started, its duration, and the casualties to put a litany of blame on the South; he accomplishes so by utilizing antithesis, juxtaposition, anaphoric repetition, and chiasmus. Lesson Summary Abraham Lincoln's second inaugural address, given on March 4, 1865, presented the President's answers to three important questions on the minds of many in Civil War-era America. Now, at the expiration of four years, during which public declarations have been constantly called forth on every point and phase of the great contest which still absorbs the attention and engrosses the energies of the nation, little that is new could be presented. Religion was very important to many citizens of that time, so the religious allusion used in the speech was very effective.
Both North and South read the same Bible and pray to the same God, Lincoln observed. Lincoln suggests that because the American people allowed slavery to occur, they are being punished in the form of civil war. Bookmark the websites that you will use. Both read the same Bible and pray to the same God, and each invokes His aid against the other. He surprised many observers by rejecting the triumphalism of Radical Republicans in Congress, who sought to rule over the defeated Southern States with a vengeance.
Religion was very important to many citizens of that time, so. Aside from recognizing the rhetorical eloquence of an unquestioned master of the English language, students should also gain a greater appreciation of how unique Lincoln's agenda was, as he declared it in his March 4, 1865 address. Do you see any weaknesses? Lincoln looks back four years prior to his first inaugural address. Lincoln suggests that the death and destruction wrought by the war was divine retribution to the U. To strengthen, perpetuate, and extend this interest was the object for which the insurgents would rend the Union even by war, while the Government claimed no right to do more than to restrict the territorial enlargement of it. All dreaded it--all sought to avert it.
During the time of the speech, it is four years into the Civil War and it is about to end. Lincoln knew the southern states were apprehensive of him being the man in charge and assumed their rights may be endangered and he wanted to ease their mind. Lincoln ends his Inaugural Address by connecting with the families and loved ones of those lost in the war. Through his use of personification, parallelism, and biblical allusion, Lincoln swiftly and justly answered. The relevant excerpt from Sumner's letter is also , and can be printed out for student use.
Because both sides are so similar, they fail to acknowledge the fact that war is not needed; the bitter feelings toward war in which they both possess are the very feelings that keep them at war. The use of their rhetorical appeal are different in a way, their speech structure is different, and also different arguments are brought up. At this second appearing to take the oath of the presidential office, there is less occasion for an extended address than there was at the first. Divide students into groups of three or four, and have them work together on the questions for each of the readings below. To finalize the analysis, Honest Abe sprinkles personification, parallelism, and biblical reference onto his inaugural address to open the eyes of the American people. Both parties deprecated war; but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive; and the other would accept war rather than let it perish. Lincoln's optimistic diction invokes a sense of unity and establishes common ground for both, North and South, to find a compromise.
In what way does his interpretation of the Civil War paragraph 3 prepare the nation for his concluding exhortation paragraph 4? Each looked for an easier triumph, and a result less fundamental and astounding. Copies multiplied and spread throughout the nation in tribute to the fallen President. In this speech, Lincoln uses allusion, parallel structure, and diction to unify the North and the South. Discussion of the future course of the nation, the typical bread and butter of an inaugural address, was left for the very end of the four-paragraph, 700-word speech. He didn't want to punish Southerners. Therefore Lincoln sought in his Second Inaugural Address to establish a common, public memory of the war as the basis for restoring national unity. Then a statement somewhat in detail of a course to be pursued seemed fitting and proper.
The similarities of the North and South caused the war. His rhetorical appeal to ethos also grows, as Lincoln comes off not as a man riddled by war, but as a man held in place by religion. The President believed, however, that the war would only end when the nation had paid the full price of the sin of slavery. Why is this useful given the historical context in March 1865? Lincoln announces his goal of ending the war. He believed that our nation was falling apart and war needed to be no more and so he gave his speech. Towards the end of the Civil War , both sides of the nation were angry with each other.
Grant mounted a coordinated attack on Southern forces and gained control of all the major Southern ports. Hundreds of thousands laid dead, millions injured, and half of America in ruins. However, he also made it clear in his address that he believed a secure and united nation was of utmost importance and he rejected the ideas of secession and minority rule, and he did not endorse the separation of his nation. While the was being delivered from this place, devoted altogether to saving the Union without war, insurgent agents were in the city seeking to destroy it without war--seeking to dissolve the Union and divide effects by negotiation. All knew that this interest was somehow the cause of the war. Lincoln wanted to assure the nation that the war was ending extremely soon and the nation should unite.
He wondered what 's will might have been in allowing the war to come, and why it had assumed the terrible dimensions it had taken. One month before the official ending of the civil war Just as Abraham Lincoln rose to speak, adjusting his spectacles, the weather cleared and rays of sunshine broke through. Sheridan, who laid waste to the Shenandoah Valley a key food source for the Confederate army , and William Tecumseh Sherman, who disrupted Confederate transportation, communications, and morale throughout Georgia and the Carolinas, General-in-Chief Ulysses S. The states in the south were fearful that Lincoln, who openly discouraged slavery, would establish anti-slavery laws and equality for all citizens, including blacks. His law partner described Lincoln as very excited by the ideas of Charles Darwin. Both read the same Bible, and pray to the same God; and each invokes his aid against the other. Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address is the focus of this lesson, but students will not read it until the end of the activity.